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Feeding is also the basic step of an attentive pregnancy process. Contrary to popular belief, over-eating does not contribute positively to the baby's development. Because excess weight gained during pregnancy, both mother and baby can threaten health. Effects of excess weight on pregnancy and the correct diet Bahçeci Clinic Family Doctor Murat Berksoy It explains.
: What are the harmful effects of overweight during pregnancy?
Dr. Murat Berksoy: Research, overweight pregnant women with hypertension and pregnancy diabetes is revealed that the risk. In addition, the risk of cramping increases compared to pregnant women in normal weight. In addition to pregnancy, overweight can complicate both normal and cesarean delivery. Moreover, it paves the way for various complications. It is necessary to stay away from multilateral and unilateral nutrition and to get adequate and balanced food from the main food groups during the day. Moreover, contrary to popular belief, there is no need to eat for two. The first thing to do to prevent excess weight gain during pregnancy; learn what foods to consume and how much…
: Which expectant mothers are considered fat?
Dr. Murat Berksoy: Weight gain during pregnancy is inevitable. The body experiences extraordinary changes for the healthy development of your baby. A range of changes from your baby's weight to your blood volume means adding up to 10-12 pounds on average to your normal weight. However, you know at least your observations that each expectant mother's weight gain is different. Some of them are almost too fat to walk, while others until the last months 'core swallowed' looks as thin. Although the main reason for this situation is the diet during pregnancy varies depending on various factors of nutrition. Pre-pregnancy weight and height of the mothers, age, number of babies, appetite, whether a metabolic disease (diabetes, phenylketonuria, etc.), socio-economic and cultural characteristics, daily physical activity are important factors for weight gain.
: How to tell if a prospective mother has gained excess weight during pregnancy?
Dr. Murat Berksoy: It is enough for a mother to measure her body weight index to see if she has gained excess weight during pregnancy. Body mass index; is calculated by dividing body weight by the square of the neck. For example: it is possible to measure a body mass index of 70 / 1.60 × 1.60 for a person weighing 70 pounds and 1.60 pounds. If this value is 22, it means ideal if it is between 18-25, normal weight if it is between 18-25, overweight if it is between 25-30 and obese if it is over 30. Body Mass Index of over 26 mothers who are known to be at risk for diabetes, high blood pressure and circulatory disorders.
: What are the points to be considered in balanced nutrition during pregnancy?
Dr. Murat Berksoy: When you are pregnant, taking all of the recommended basic nutrients regularly and adequately is the ideal diet. Protein, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals, defined as the basic food to get a balanced way from the pregnancy process is one of the features to be considered. However, as many of us know, during pregnancy, interest in foods with low nutritional value increases. In this case, which is also called as craving, the main thing that the mothers want to eat continuously is sugary and fatty foods. However, sugary and fatty foods, nutritious property is low, calorie rate is high. Because the body can store these foods easily, it causes you to become fat. 'The body needs them' sentence is correct, but to meet this need you do not have to eat cakes, pies, candies. You should also know that there are enough sugar and fat in protein and vitamin-mineral foods. For example, 1 gram fat generally gives 9 calories and 1 gram protein gives 4 calories. Therefore, nutrients rich in fat; fatty meat and cheeses, butter away from your table is useful to keep. In addition, hidden fried potatoes, fried potatoes, pastries, such as pastry foods you should avoid. You should know that excess fat and sugar have no positive effect on you or your baby's health. During pregnancy, especially vitamins and minerals containing vegetables and fruits, calcium-containing cheese you need to take care to consume foods such as milk. If a balanced and regular mother-to-be receives plenty of fruits and vegetables containing vitamins and minerals, there is no need to use vitamin pills for supplementation. In nutrition, it is always important to prefer natural resources to artificial ones. In other words, instead of ready-to-sell fruit juices, fresh fruits, processed meats such as sausage salami sausages, unprocessed fresh meats, fresh vegetables and fruits containing natural vitamins and minerals instead of adhering to vitamin pills, sugar should be preferred instead of artificial sweeteners.
: There are mothers who diet during pregnancy. What are the drawbacks?
Dr. Murat Berksoy: Pregnant mothers who gain excess weight during pregnancy comes to mind first diet. If the expert is not advised otherwise, it is not necessary to follow a diet that falls below 2,000 calories per day. With a flexible diet program, it is best to try to avoid food that is low in nutritional value, which leads to weight gain.
It should not be forgotten that heavy exercises to lose weight may cause inguinal and abdominal pain and even uterine contractions called preterm labor.
: What are the negative effects of obesity on the pregnancy process?
Dr. Murat Berksoy: Excessive weight gain during pregnancy puts mother and baby health at risk. These risks can be listed as follows:
Increased risk of high blood pressure
Increased risk of diabetes during pregnancy
Increased risk of urinary tract infection during pregnancy
Increased risk of congenital malformations in the baby
Increased risk of overweight babies
Increased risk of birth by cesarean section
-Increased risk of premature (low birth weight) births and infant mortality
-Increased delivery time and increased postpartum hemorrhage
Increased risk of wound infection in the cervix, inflammation of the cervix and urinary tract infection at the sutures on the skin after delivery