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Reflexes dir Our reactions to sudden events in our lives and we can not manage. As adults, we don't want to use our reflexes too much; neonatal reflexes are vital. Necessary for the survival and safety of the newborn; reflexes that are important in assessing the development of Hisar Intercontinental Hospital Specialist in Child Health and Diseases Contact Ece directly It explains.
Major neonatal reflexes are moro, search-sucking, capturing, tonic-neck, stepping, stretching and hiccups, crawling, pulling. Most of these reflexes disappear spontaneously in the following months. As the baby grows up, it acquires more complex skills and can thus protect itself better.
Lack of reflexes or delays in disappearance suggest problems with the central nervous system. Therefore, the neurological examination of pediatricians is also important.
These reflexes are one of the most important reflexes of the baby and are necessary for feeding. It allows the baby to find the breast. When the baby is touched gently on the cheek, he turns his face, opens his mouth and starts to look. When the breast is given, it absorbs strongly. Sucking reflex can be seen in some unborn babies by sucking fingers and while the baby is sleeping. 32-34. in gestational weeks, the baby has reached the maturity to regulate these movements. Newborns who cannot be fed orally for any reason can be given pacifiers to stimulate this reflex.
Suction reflex after birth, baby awake 3-4. The month can last up to 7 months when you are asleep. The absence of this reflex should suggest congenital malformations of the brain stem, oxygen deficiency, trauma or severe infections that may involve the nervous system. If it lasts for a long time, it may indicate severe brain damage.
Leap (Moro reflex)
It is your baby's reaction to sudden sounds or sudden movements. Manual noise reduction, sudden sound, or even camera flash can cause reflex to occur. The head of the baby lying on its back is lifted slightly backwards or the arms are released suddenly after the body is lifted slightly by holding both hands of the baby.
Moro consists of 4 phases:
1. The arms move away from the body from the shoulders.
2. The arms are extended straight from the elbows.
3. The arms are bent at the elbows.
4. The arms approach the body again and become calm. During these movements, the fingers open and the baby usually starts to cry.
Moro reflex begins to appear in the 28th week of pregnancy and matures as much as the newborn baby at 32 weeks. This reflex, which is considered normal in the first 4 months of pregnancy, disappears at the latest 6 months depending on the development of the baby's nervous and muscular system. If the reflex occurs on its own without any external stimuli, a severe brain lesion should be suspected. The self-emergence of the reflex suggests a severe brain lesion, the reflex is not removed at all, the central nervous system is damaged or suppressed by a severe disease, unilateral removal of the reflex does not take the opposite side of the arm nerve paralysis, collarbone fractures, brain damage is considered.
If an object is extended to the baby's palm or soles, the fingers curl inward and firmly grasp it. The capture reflex starts at the 28th week of pregnancy. Babies older than 36 weeks can lift their body up by grasping the hand of the person touching it.
This reflex is eliminated as the infant will begin voluntary capture at two months of age. However, the reflex in the foot can last up to 10 months. Again, if this reflex is not seen, brain damage or nerve disorders may be suspected.
Tonic nape reflex
When you suddenly turn the head of the lying baby to one side, that side of the arm and leg outward opening, stretching, the opposite side is the withdrawal. The baby almost takes the position of a fencer. It becomes more pronounced after 3-4 weeks after birth. This reflex is usually 3-4. This position may last for 2-3 years during sleep in some children. If the reflex lasts more than 4 months, it may suggest cerebral palsy (muscle failure due to damage to one part of the brain). It is not unusual for this position to last long and to take this reflex from one side.
Step and step reflex
If the baby is pushed to the ground by holding under the armpits, it may pretend to step. While babies born in time appear to step on their soles, premature babies walk on their toes. This reflex usually disappears after 4 months. In case of prolonged or repeated movements, a disturbance in the nervous system should be considered.
It is the reflexes that occur in providing airway patency of the newborn. The upper respiratory tract is sneezed and the lower respiratory tract is cleared by coughing. This reflex continues for life.
All these reflexes are tips for monitoring whether your baby's development is healthy. For the healthy development of your baby, please follow these reflexes and disappearance times with your doctor…