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Changes in hormone levels that occur due to pregnancy, affect oral health. Therefore, expectant mothers during pregnancy, oral health should pay more attention than normal periods. Contrary to the common belief that dental caries do not increase in pregnancy, Acibadem Kadikoy Hospital Oral and Dental Health Clinic Prosthodontics Specialist. Dr. Umut Cakan, oral and dental care in pregnancy, the correct known errors and information about issues to be paid attention to:
Does Continuous Snack During Pregnancy Prepare Tooth Decay?
Increased tendency to caries during pregnancy may be related to an increase in the amount of carbohydrate taken to meet the energy need. Food residues and microorganisms (plaques) that accumulate on the teeth form acids that will corrode the tooth. The microorganisms obtain the starch they need to survive from the food they eat. When starchy or sugary foods are eaten, a very strong acid environment forms in the mouth and it takes about 20 minutes for it to return to normal. When a continuous snack is made during the day, the teeth decay rapidly due to this strong acid environment.
Can You Lose One Tooth During Each Pregnancy?
The idea that a tooth is lost in every pregnancy is common among the public. However, this has no scientific basis. Loss of teeth during pregnancy is all about lack of oral care. As long as a healthy person does not lose his or her teeth, mothers do not experience tooth loss or other dental problems if they are careful. So the reason for tooth loss in pregnancy is not the pregnancy, but the decay of teeth.
What is the relationship between nutrition, pregnancy and oral health?
Many women are eager to snack between the main meals during pregnancy. Although this is normal, consuming sugary foods frequently can invite dental caries. If you need to eat frequently during the day, you should choose fruits, vegetables rather than sugary and starchy foods; it is more appropriate to use in the direction of dairy products and water rather than acidic beverages. During this process, your child's tooth development can also be affected. The mother's vitamins A, C, D, calcium, protein and phosphorus in sufficient amounts to ensure that the child has healthy teeth. The source of calcium necessary for the child's teeth is not the mother's teeth, but calcium taken from the diet. If enough calcium is not taken, the child gets calcium from the mother's bones. Milk and dairy products are sources of calcium in the mother's diet.
How Pregnancy Affects Gums?
Hormone levels that vary depending on pregnancy (progesterone and estrogen) directly affect gum problems and indirectly affect tooth decay. In most pregnant women, the gingival tissues give an exaggerated response to the plaque of bacteria in the mouth. This can manifest itself as redness, swelling, growth and bleeding in the gums. Especially between the 2nd and 8th months of pregnancy, this gum disease is called 'pregnancy gingivitis' and causes loss of teeth if it progresses.
Can you get dental treatment during pregnancy?
All kinds of dental treatment can be done during pregnancy. However, if the mother has a history of miscarriage or is likely to have a miscarriage, non-urgent treatments are not given during the first trimester of pregnancy. During the dental treatment, anesthetic agents are used to prevent the mother from feeling pain and then some medications are considered necessary. The anesthetic substances used are harmful to the mother and the baby. In cases where painkillers or antibiotics should be used, the dentist talks to the obstetrician and gives the safest drugs to the mother.
Is it OK to have a dental X-ray during pregnancy?
As a rule, it is advisable to avoid X-ray radiation throughout the entire pregnancy, especially in the first three months of the baby's organs. Dental films are not taken in cases where pregnancy is not necessary. If a dental X-ray is required for diagnosis or treatment in an emergency, this can be solved by wearing protective lead vests and using devices that use very low doses of X-ray.
What To Do To Protect Oral And Dental Health During Pregnancy?
To prevent tooth decay and gum disease, the mother has to brush her teeth with “fluoride” toothpaste twice a day for 3 minutes, floss the teeth between her teeth and use a mouthwash with fluoride. Another precaution is to be under the control of the dentist during pregnancy. Regular visits to the dental clinic and having teeth cleaned reduce the likelihood of an expectant mother during pregnancy.