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What is premature retinopathy in infants?

What is premature retinopathy in infants?



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Dünyagöz Group doctors Op. Dr. Umur Kayhan says that the most common group of Retinopathy of Prematurity is less than 1,000 grams.

One of the happiest moments in life is when they learn that they are parents and hold their babies. For parents born to premature babies, a tiring marathon begins. The most important thing for them is that the baby lives. As a result of developing medical technology, more babies are alive compared to the past. However, this positive development also leads to an increase in the number of babies with premature retinopathy, which leads to blindness in both eyes if not diagnosed early. The only way to prevent the disease from turning into blindness is through early diagnosis and treatment.

The veins in the eyes of babies develop until they are born. Since this development is not completed in premature babies, it continues after birth. Oxygen given at high concentrations to keep premature babies alive causes abnormal development of vessels in the eye. As a result of this, premature retinopathy, called ROP, occurs in the retinas of infants with incomplete vascularization. If not treated early, it causes blindness in both eyes. Despite the increase in the number of infants infected treatment can be done in only a few hospitals in Turkey. One of these hospitals is Dünyagöz.

The most common group of premature retinopathy is those born below 1,000 grams. For this reason, all the babies born under 1500 grams and before the 32nd week must be ROP examination must be done, said Op. Dr. Umur Kayhan emphasizes that early diagnosis and treatment of ROP is possible with the collaboration of ophthalmologists and pediatricians specializing in newborn babies. Kayhan also, infants of lung, cardiovascular disease, severe infections and problems that may occur in the brain increases the risk of retinopathy, he noted.

Between 6 and 6 weeks after birth, eye examination must be done expressing Kayhan, light to heavy five stages of ROP treatment success, is associated with the stage of the disease, the first two stages of follow-up is sufficient, and from the third stage of laser and cryo treatment should be started. Because the disease gives the best result in the third stage. In the fourth and fifth stages of the surgical intervention is not successful results. Dr. Kayhan, all newborn babies within the first month of the eye examination is not only ROP, many eye diseases in order to ensure the timely diagnosis and successful treatment is important in terms of providing, he adds. Fearful dream of premature retinopathy babies
Op. Dr. Umur Kayhan says that the most common group of Retinopathy of Prematurity is less than 1,000 grams.


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