Hearing problems in infants and children

Hearing problems in infants and children

Hearing loss is often unnoticed in this age group, since young children and infants cannot tell about hearing problems. Hearing loss, which cannot be prevented, causes social and emotional problems as well as delaying children's speech. Sonamed Diagnosis and Rehabilitation Center Audiologist Özlem Gedik Erken Early detection of hearing loss is not difficult at all with the easy-to-use hearing screening test that can be performed within the first 24 hours after birth, or he says.

: How often do hearing loss occur in infants?
Contact Özlem directly Each 1000 about newborn 1 - 3 Hearing loss occurs in various types and degrees. This number may increase up to 4-6 percent in risky infants hospitalized in neonatal intensive care unit.

: What is newborn hearing screening test?
Contact Özlem directly Even mild hearing loss in children affects language, speech, social, emotional development and academic achievement. Therefore, early and accurate diagnosis of hearing loss is of great importance for preventing communication problems that may develop in children. So much so that newborn hearing screening is compulsory in 39 states in the United States. Newborn hearing screening test 24 hours A test that can be applied to every infant who has filled the baby. Since the baby should not move, make no sound. done asleep. Just 2 -3 minutes This test does not disturb the baby in any way, does not harm him.

: What are the benefits of the test?
Contact Özlem directly This test is used to determine whether the baby's hearing is normal. This, Simple and economical is a screening test. If the baby does not pass this test, then the next examination is passed. One of the next tests called ABR auditory brainstem behavior Test. This test measures the response of the hearing nerve to the sound. It is a longer and more complicated test during sleep. The degree of hearing loss is determined according to responses from the brain stem. The hearing aid can be started as soon as hearing loss is detected. If hearing loss is detected even at 6 months of age, the baby may switch to device use.

: Who should take this test?
Contact Özlem directly As in many diseases, hearing loss early diagnosisis of great importance. For this reason, it is useful for all families to have the hearing screening test performed on their babies. However, this test should be performed especially for babies in the risk group.

: What are the risk groups?
Contact Özlem directly Those with a family history of hearing loss should definitely have this test. In addition, low birth weight births, babies born with ear deformity should be applied. This test is also useful for babies of mothers who are exposed to conditions such as CMV, rubella and toxoplasma during pregnancy.

: What kind of treatment is given to babies with hearing loss?
Contact Özlem directly There are degrees of hearing loss. There is no rule that the baby hears or does not. There are degrees of very mild, mild, moderate, advanced and very severe hearing loss. The hearing aid is also given according to these degrees. How can you give the degree of glasses according to visual impairment in the same situation in hearing loss. There is no uniform hearing aid. It is more important to be able to hear than technology. However, people in Turkey apples without knowing the degree of hearing loss, hearing aids are taking as it gets pears. For this reason, not satisfied with the hearing aid rate it is extremely low in Turkey. The hearing aid must be adjusted according to the degree of hearing loss.

: When is it appropriate to give a device for hearing loss?
Contact Özlem directly As soon as hearing loss is detected, it is switched to the device. The sooner it's diagnosed, the better. families in Turkey are waiting until school age. However, 6 -7 years is too late for learning to speak. The most critical ages for learning to speak are between 2 and 4 years. For this reason, the child needs to be equipped from the very beginning so that he can reach the level close to normal with an appropriate education. Early detection of hearing loss is very important for the child's future life. It affects academic, social and emotional life.

: Is it possible to return a hearing loss with the use of a hearing aid?
Contact Özlem directly There is no return if there is a hearing loss in the inner ear, even if it is very mild. However, if hearing loss occurs due to problems in the middle ear, return can be mentioned. Wearing hearing aids may be irritating to families, but this is a great comfort for the child.

: At what point should parents pay attention to hearing loss?
Contact Özlem directly In certain periods, infants should show certain behaviors. Expected behaviors are:

Expected behavior up to 6 months
When he calls your baby, makes noise or hears music, does he start to cry?
Does it stop moving while on the move?
Does your baby jump when you hear a sudden loud noise?
Can he find the audio source?

Expected behavior up to 12 months
Does it sound like ba, ga, or puh?
Does it respond to sounds such as footsteps, telephone sounds, forks and spoons?
Does it use a meaningful word?

Expected behavior up to 18 months
Does it make simple orders unmarked?
Does it mimic sounds correctly?
Does it use at least 3 different words in a meaningful way?

Expected behavior up to 24 months
When you show a picture, does it recognize the names of the five objects correctly?
Does it use at least 20 words?
Does he combine short words to form short sentences?

Expected behaviors from 3 years old child
What is your name? Does it answer correctly to such simple questions?
Does it repeat some parts of simple rhythms or songs?
Does he know the difference between words like you - inside - under, big - small?

It is useful to see the babies who cannot perform these behaviors by a specialist.

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