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Language development and speech in children

Language development and speech in children

The healthy child's language development usually follows a certain sequence. This sequence, the agitation phase in which sounds are made, the single word phase in which many things are explained with a single word (in this period it can be understood that a child who calls car or mute mute wants to go according to the movements), the telegraphic speech phase, the increasing vocabulary and grammar rules and sentences are the first stage of grammar. When we elaborate this process according to age with average values, we see that children give the following reactions. From birth to the third month, they pay attention to the sound, turn the head in the direction that the sound comes from. For example, “ma-ma-ma” “ba-ba-ba”. From the 8th month, they begin to use signs and sounds (such as gu, bıgı) when communicating. To draw the attention of the other person, he or she can touch or show the object or make something unique by asking for something. They can follow a single command, although it varies from 12 to 18 months. Ver Give it to me. ”, Üzerinde On the table.” From the 12th month onwards, they begin to imitate words even though they do not know their meaning, and the first words usually begin to be pronounced from this month on. They can form simple sentences by combining 2-3 words until the 30th month. Again in these months they can ask simple questions and turn simple sentences into negative sentences. For example, the term “mother meal dönüş turns into değil not mother meal .D. Although the language development process is limited to certain ages in the literature, it may vary depending on physiological development, genetic factors and social stimulation. For this reason, perhaps the biggest mistake we will make about language development while raising our children is to force the child who is not ready to speak and try to make him say words by looking at the age of winning the language in the books.

Children begin to develop receptive language skills first. You can understand that this skill is acquired when you feel that you understand the words you say to him, behave in accordance with what you are speaking or look at where you are pointing. This process is also a storage process, where children understand much more than they speak. Once the child has reached sufficient maturity, the second stage, the expressive language process, begins. This is where the child starts to speak and uses the words in communication to the extent that he can.

Although language development is related to physiology and genetic factors, environmental stimulation accelerates language development. When we look at the learning process, we see that children learn not by spelling, but by hearing the right words. The fact that you talk to your baby frequently since birth, tell him what you have done (I'm taking off his socks, I'll put on clean socks, etc.), telling him stories, singing songs and rhymes will have a positive impact on the development process. When you do these practices, it is appropriate for you to talk completely, to try to make him talk, and to organize his responses (eg, 'What is your name' and wait for a while, then answer 'Your name is Ali').