General

Nutritional advice for babies aged 0-1

Nutritional advice for babies aged 0-1

• Only breastfeed your baby during the first 6 months.
• Do not give your baby water, herbal tea and fruit juice before the 6th month, even during illness. Because of some common misconceptions and information, the baby is given sugar water as soon as she is born. This prevents the baby from sucking and destroying the feeling of hunger.
• It is especially important that the first milk secreted immediately after birth is given to the baby. Start breastfeeding your baby within 30 minutes of birth. You should breastfeed 8-12 times a day for the first 4-6 weeks.
• The baby should be breastfed as she cries and wants. Feeding time may vary from infant to infant, but try to breastfeed at the beginning of the breastfeeding period whenever and whenever you want. Appropriate breastfeeding technique will relax your baby and you and increase the efficiency of your milk.
• Pacifiers and sedatives should not be given to children who are breastfed, and mother and baby should be kept in the same room. If you are separated from your baby, ask your doctor how to feed and maintain it with your own milk.

Why Breastfeed Your Baby?
Your baby needs proper nutrition, compassion, psychological stimulation and protection against infections. Breastmilk is the most suitable and natural single food for newborns and infants, which is sufficient for your baby in the first 6 months and contains nutrients sufficient for its normal development. Breast milk meets the physiological and psychosocial needs of your baby alone within the first 6 months. As long as your child's development is normal, you can continue breastfeeding for 2 years, provided that you start additional food after the 6th month. Your baby's weight gain is ideal (weight gain of 115-225 g per week, less than 8% of body weight loss), sufficient urine and feces, normal skin appearance is enough to indicate that breast milk. If you have twin or triple babies, there will be an increase in the amount of milk enough to feed your babies.

What are the benefits of breast milk for your baby?
1. Always sterile and temperature adjustable,
2. Prevents infection (ear infection, diarrhea, respiratory system, meningitis, urinary tract, appendicitis),
3. The risk of sudden infant death is reduced,
4. It is easy to digest and reduces the risk of wound on esophagus and stomach wall.
5. Respiratory diseases, allergy and obesity are less common,
6. Has a role in jaw and tooth development,
7. The risk of lymphoma, leukemia, diabetes, chronic liver disease, crohn's disease, celiac and heart disease is reduced in adults who have received adequate breast milk at an early age.
8. The baby's antibody response to routine vaccines is better.
9. Improvement of visual clarity increases,
10. Helps baby develop mental, physical and intelligence.

What are the benefits of breastfeeding to the mother?
1. Breast milk is cheaper,
2. There is no preparation problem,
3. Develops the emotional bond between mother and baby,
4. It protects the mother against breast, ovarian and uterine cancer and bone resorption.
5. Accelerates the healing of the uterus,
6. Prevents anemia,
7. Mothers who breastfeed for six months or more are more prominent in postnatal weight loss, fat tissue loss and reduction in subcutaneous fold thickness than those who feed their children with formula.

What should you pay attention to during breastfeeding?
During breastfeeding, make sure that your nutrition is adequate and adequate. Be sure to consume plenty of fluids. At least 12 glasses per day; milk, buttermilk, sweetened lemonade, compote or fresh fruit juices. Tea and coffee should not be preferred özen Take care to rest and prefer calm and relaxing environments. For proper nutrition, always seek the help of a lenme Nutrition and Diet Expert ”. The quantity and quality of your milk is directly proportional to your knowledge of adequate and balanced nutrition. When you are separated from your baby, as if you are breastfeeding your baby every 2-3 hours during the day, 1-2 times at night by draining your milk pump (accumulate breast milk for 6 hours at room temperature, 24 hours in the refrigerator and 6 months deep freezer) you can feed your baby with your own milk.

What are special situations during breastfeeding?
There may be special circumstances from you or your baby, which may prevent or stop you from breastfeeding. In such a case, you should stop feeding immediately. The best solution is to call your doctor immediately to see if you can continue breastfeeding if you experience some of the conditions listed below.

Special cases related to the mother during breastfeeding:
1. Birth by Caesarean section,
2. In cases where the mother and the baby are separated,
3. During the use of certain drugs
4. Breast abscesses,
5. Active tuberculosis (period during which the disease will be transmitted by inhalation) The mother is kept away from the baby, but expressed breast milk can be given to the baby,
6. Mumps,
7. Hepatitis B: After the first dose of hepatitis B immunoglobulin and hepatitis B vaccine is given to the baby, breast-feeding may continue.
8. HIV (AIDS): As the virus is removed by pasteurization, breast milk can be pasteurized and used.
9. Wilson's disease (if using D-penicillamine),
10. Severe psychiatric disorders,
11. Meeting with radioactive agents,
12. Breast cancer.

Special Conditions Related to Baby during Breastfeeding:
1. Cleft palate, cleft lip,
2. Premature,
3. Thrush,
4. The baby with a tooth in his mouth at birth,
5. Some congenital metabolic diseases.

Can you exercise during your breastfeeding period?
During your breastfeeding period, you can exercise regularly with moderate difficulty movements. Excessive exercise can change the taste of milk. If your baby does not take your milk after the exercise, take a shower after the exercise, milk the first milk, give the next milk or milk before the exercise to your baby.

What are the harms of smoking during your breastfeeding period?
Nicotine and its derivatives pass into breast milk and are abundant in the baby's circulation. Nicotine reduces milk release. It should be ensured that you do not smoke with your baby, and if it is, it is recommended that you smoke a minimum number of nicotine-reduced types. If you smoke, breastfeed your baby after a sufficient period of time and closely monitor your baby's weight.

When Can You Start Giving Your Baby Additional Nutrition?
You can start to give additional nutrition to your baby whose development is normal and only breast-fed from the 6th month. The energy obtained from the additional nutrients you give to your baby should not exceed 50% of its total energy. Do not give gluten-containing foods for the first 6 months, you can start to give gluten-containing foods after the 6th month. Eggs, fish, tomatoes, strawberries, such as allergens likely to be taken according to family history of allergies.
There are two main reasons for starting additional foods: The first and necessary first reason is to supplement nutrients that your breastmilk is no longer sufficient by month. The second and important reason is to acclimate your baby to a variety of nutrients with different taste as well as solid and viscous, to make it easier and more versatile eating habits in later years and to prepare a healthy, quality life.

What are the drawbacks of starting early to give your baby additional food?
1. If your baby starts to be given additional food early,
2. Increased diarrhea and allergic diseases,
3. Decrease in breast milk,
4. Excessive nutrition,
5. Malnutrition (less than the weight required by month).

What are the drawbacks of starting to give your baby extra food?
1. If your baby starts to be given extra food late,
2. Growth retardation,
3. Decrease in immunity, diarrhea and other infectious diseases,
4. Malnutrition (having less weight than the weight required by month),
5. Micronutrient (Vitamin and Mineral) deficiencies may be present.

What should you pay attention when giving your baby additional nutrients?
Give your baby
1. Soft crushing and liquid nutrients between 6-7 months,
2. Rough and puree nutrients between 7-8 months,
3. Fork crushed foods with mash consistency between 8-12 months,
From month 4 onwards, you can give all easily chewable food.
• Try additional nutrients one at a time, first when your baby is hungry and in small quantities with a spoon or cup. Patience, trying and unhurried attitude will relax your baby, you will help you get easy results.
• Mixing foods with each other and giving them a sweet taste can always be a repellent after a while. Your baby cannot get used to new tastes, but can become a child with weight problems in the future but cannot give up on dessert.
• Do not give a food that your baby refuses and does not want to taste for a while, then try it when you are hungry, if you do not want to insist again, try again after 2-3 months,
• The preparation and cooking methods of food groups are different. Learn the right techniques from your Nutrition and Diet specialist. However, every nutrient you give to your baby should be clean and fresh and not heated frequently.
• Do not add salt to the cooked foods until 12 months. In these months, chewing and tongue movements developing children will already sit at the table with the family to eat less salty and spicy home dishes can now taste. Do not use iodized salt as salt.
• Give your baby boiled until the end of the 18th month.
• Do not give honey to your baby for the first 12 months as honey is likely to cause allergies. If there is any food you believe is allergic, try not to eat for a while and then observe again.

6. What are the foods to be given to your baby after the month?
From the 6th month onwards, you can give your baby breastfeeding, yogurt, fruit juice, molasses and ¼ egg yolks.

7. What are the foods to be given to your baby after the month?
From the 7th month onwards, you can give your baby breast milk, whole egg yolks, biscuits, rice, rice flour, milk formula, fruit juice, yogurt, veal, chicken and fish meat, vegetable oils, vegetable mash, vegetable soup, molasses and follow-on foods.

8. What are the foods to be given to your baby after the month?
From the 8th month of your baby, you can give breast milk, well-crushed home-cooked meals with minced meat and vegetables, full eggs, pasteurized cheese, cereal and dried legume pies, molasses, milk or yogurt and more.

12 . What are the nutrients to be given to your baby from the beginning of the month?
From the 12th month onwards, your child can sit at the family table as well as breastmilk and eat meals cooked with the appropriate spices.

Easy and Nutritious Soup Recipes
Vegetable Soup (2 servings)
Energy: 208 kcal -5,4 gm protein / 100 ml
Materials:
1 small carrot
1 medium potato
1 medium tomato
1 tablespoon of lentils, bulgur or rice
1 tablespoon olive oil

Preparation of:
Vegetables are washed thoroughly, chopped into small 1 tablespoon cereal flour, 1 tablespoon of olive oil is cooked by adding. You can give the soup to your baby through the wire strainer. At home, you can join 1 teaspoon when you have chicken meat or beef ground beef. It is nutritious to give the child meat by crushing itself. The broth has no nutritional value. Salt should not be added until 1 year old.
Tarhana Soup (2 Servings)
Energy: 136 kcal-2.2 gm protein / 100 ml
Materials:
2 tablespoons dry tarhana
1 teaspoon of olive oil
Different vegetables

Preparation of:
Put 2 tablespoons dry tarhana in a saucepan and dilute with a little water. 1 tea glass of water, 1 small carrot, potatoes (grated) and 1 tablespoon olive oil is added and cooked.

ACIBADEM HEALTH GROUP
NUTRITION AND DIET UNIT