Rotavirus is the most common cause of severe diarrhea in young children, leading to hospitalization due to excessive water loss. It causes 11 million home-treated infections worldwide, 25 million outpatient visits, 2 million hospitalizations and 500,000 deaths.
What we wonder about rotavirus and rotavirus vaccine Professor at Istanbul University Istanbul Medical Faculty. Dr. Contact Nuran directlyWe asked.
In both developed and developing countries, during the first 5 years of life, almost all children experience diarrhea and vomiting at least once, regardless of socio-economic status. Rotavirus has been recognized as the most common cause of severe gastroenteritis that can lead to excessive water loss and hospitalization in the bodies of infants and young children. Professor Dr. Nuran Salman, Avir Rotavirus is the leading cause of acute diarrhea in children. It shows easy infection and leads to serious cases of death, especially in developing countries. ”
frequently seen in Turkey
In our country, rotavirus is the most common cause of childhood diarrhea. Rotavirus is frequently seen in infants aged 6-24 months. After a 2 to 4-day culling period, diarrhea develops after a sudden fever and vomiting, the number of which reaches 10 per day. Baby feces are bloodless and plentiful. Serious water loss occurs and fluid loss must be replaced.
How does it spread?
The spread of the disease is through feces, contact and sharing. Before and after the disease, the most risky times in terms of spread. Moreover, many people can transmit this virus without diarrhea. Dr. “The virus can survive for hours on hands and on solid surfaces for days, Sal says Salman. It remains alive for a week in human feces. Therefore, it can easily pass from person to person, from sharing food and water, touching the same place.
Ways of protection
Vaccination is the primary and most effective method of disease prevention. The application is carried out orally, which means that it is administered by oral drops, so it is easy and does not hurt children. Vaccination needs to be completed in the first 6 months of babies. ”
Rotavirus treatment for patients with healthy immune system, to replace the lost fluid contains plenty of fluid intake. This treatment can be done at home. In infants or young children, if moderate or high fluid loss occurs, they may have to undergo rehydration treatment in the hospital to normalize the fluid and salt ratio (electrolyte balance) in the body.