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1-Sun and Sea The damage of the sun's rays is often mentioned. Ultraviolet rays can damage the sensitive skin of children, especially infants, quite quickly. Sunburn can cause first and second degree burns. Infection may develop on the burn surface. Staying in the sun, especially in infants, can cause dehydration and loss of fluid if enough fluid is not taken. It is now known that sunburn in childhood is one of the most important causes of skin cancer in adulthood. The darkening of the skin, which we call “burn“, indicates skin damage and is especially undesirable in children. Children should be kept indoors between 10-3. If they need to be outdoors, they should definitely stay in the shade, and clothing is one of the best protection methods from the sun. Sun creams are surely over 45 factors for babies and especially made for babies. The sun-creams, which pass the beneficial rays of the sun, are now also available, thus protecting vitamin D from harmful rays. In older children, sun creams should be used with at least 30 factors. The cream should be applied half an hour before sun exposure. It is also beneficial to use sunglasses to prevent future cataract risk. The hat is very important and it should be noted that the garment (eg a t-shirt) provides more effective protection than sunscreen. One of the most frequently asked questions is at what age infants can enter the sea and pool. Babies over 3 months can enter a clean and normal sea. Sea water is very physiological and healthy for babies. Infants older than 6 months may enter the pool but should not immerse their heads in the water. A clean sea pool is more beneficial for children of all ages.
Especially for children with allergies or prone to ear infections, it is good to wash their noses with saline after the pool. 2- Summer Diseases Food poisoning In summer, food poisoning is more common than winter. This may be due to the influence of temperature on food, as well as frequent meals outside the home and lack of attention to hygiene rules at home. Both bacteria (such as salmonella) and viruses (eg newly named norovirus) can cause food poisoning. In particular, contamination of water with bacteria or viruses is often the cause of food poisoning. In addition, fruit and vegetables are not washed enough, raw meat is hand-eaten directly by hand to eat foods can cause food poisoning. For protection, it must be ensured that the drinking or potable water is cleaned, otherwise it should not be used without boiling.
Fruit and vegetables should be washed carefully and kept in vinegar water. Meat and raw eaten foods should be kept separately. Hand-eaten raw foods should not be touched. Food poisoning may occur in people, young children and the elderly who have problems with the immune system, although some food or bacteria may be present in the food, but may not be of good immunity. In case of food poisoning, it is important to take slowly but well-balanced fluids, drug therapy is often not available, but probiotics may work. Gastrointestinal infections In contrast to winter, viruses such as rotavirus are rare and bacterial agents are more common. Skin problems Skin rash known as rash among the people we call milaria occurs due to heat. Fungal infections are more common in summer due to temperature and sweating. It is necessary to keep the skin dry and clean and apply the treatment specific to them. Secondary skin infections due to fly bites, skin injuries, or sunburn may occur. Again frequent hand washing, skin cleaning is important. Depending on the location and severity of the skin infection, antibacterial treatment is applied either as a cream or by mouth. Allergic reactions may also occur due to insect bites or bee stings. Occasionally, it is limited to regional pain and swelling, but sometimes a rash and swelling spreading to other parts of the body, rarely anaphylactic reaction called urticaria and angioedema that can cause swelling of the airways. This is a situation that can be of different intensity. It may rarely reach a life-threatening dimension, but this is rare in the first insect stings (eg bee), even if the child is allergic. While creams with local antihistamine and analgesic effects may be sufficient for mild reactions, oral antihistamine should be taken in heavier heavier reactions and a hospital should be consulted for very severe reactions. fired studies
In the summer, fever is quite rare, but it can be seen from time to time. Upper respiratory tract infections are rare. High heat may also be seen due to heat shock, also known as sunstroke. Injuries In the summer, injuries are more common because children spend more time outdoors and are more active. Small abrasions and injuries can be treated at home by washing with clean water and applying antibacterial creams.
If exposure to soil or dirty soils is present, make sure that the child's tetanus vaccine is up to date. If there is an unstoppable hemorrhage or an opening in the skin, a physician should be consulted. Children often experience wounds, sprains and soft tissue injuries to their arms and legs. One thing to be aware of, however, is that the bones in the wrists are particularly sensitive and that bone fractures in these areas can be seen close to sprains in young children. Such injuries may require the examination of a physician and perhaps an X-ray.
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