Health

Do new living conditions increase the risk of disease in children?

Do new living conditions increase the risk of disease in children?

Early transition to puberty, diabetes, allergy and even thyroid cancer are becoming increasingly common in children. The main reason for this is the increase in consumption of foods containing additives, rather than natural foods, and air pollution. If you do not want your eight-year-old daughter to menstruate and meet her chronic illnesses such as diabetes at an early age Acibadem Hospital Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, Growth and Adolescence Dr. View Atilla's Full ProfileYou have to listen to what he says.

: What effect does hormonal foods have on the body?
Professor Dr. Atilla Büyükgebiz: There are glands in our body that secrete hormones with different properties. These glands, which can be described as the secret boss of our bodies, are constantly working to sustain our lives. The effects of these glands on our external appearance like our height and weight, our psychology and the functioning of our organs are great. In pregnant women, infants and adolescents, these hormones are much more important. In a healthy person, all the hormones required from birth are secreted in the required amounts and it ensures the development of the body and the normal functioning of all functions. However, this mechanism works normally, feeding habits, especially from the outside, the system can be broken when different and harmful interventions are made. Hormone, additive foods, polluted air, radioactive substances, in short, modern living conditions are the most important factors that disrupt this system.

: What are the health effects of misused pesticides and prepared foods?
Professor Dr. Atilla Büyükgebiz: There are striking studies abroad showing the side effects of ready foods. A study conducted in Belgium, some drugs used in agriculture by increasing the estrogenic effect of early menstruation in girls, breast growth in boys reveals that. Denmark attributed the increase in male infertility to these drugs. A study in the Nordic countries - especially frozen fish consumption in this region - shows that the incidence of type 1 diabetes increases from 45 to 60 per hundred thousand. Of course, every ready-made food, additive food, hormonal fruits and vegetables do not increase the risk of illness and early menstruation. Some uncontrolled practices invoke this danger. This risk is for everyone. In childhood, the level of estrogenic substances in the blood is low, so the wrong foods taken from outside have a much greater effect.

: What do you need to do to take precautions?
Professor Dr. Atilla Büyükgebiz: “First, during the production period, the inspection mechanism should work very well. It is also important for families not to give too much of their children to the same food. So not to eat pounds of strawberries, each food needs to get a little less. It is also very important to know the diseases caused by the foods with additives and to see the doctor early when necessary.

: Hazards of Ready and Additive Foods
Professor Dr. Atilla Büyükgebiz: There are differences between boys and girls in the signs of puberty. Not only in terms of symptoms but also timing, there are significant differences between boys and girls. Girls enter puberty about two years before boys. It is accepted that girls start puberty from age 10 and boys from age 12. Breast growth in girls, adolescence begins with the growth of sexual organs in boys. Adolescence 10 - 18 years is accepted. However, rarely, puberty symptoms should be seen before 8 years of age in girls and 9 years of age in boys; Hormone foods are just one of the reasons for early puberty. After the menstrual period, girls can only face a serious short stature problem because they can throw at 5 - 6 cm. In this respect, in the presence of early puberty symptoms, a specialist should be consulted before being late.

: What are the reasons for the increase in allergic diseases in recent years?
Professor Dr. Atilla Büyükgebiz: Increased habit of smoking among women, mothers who smoked during pregnancy and lactation, exposure to cigarette smoke indoors, proliferation of cars in the outdoor environment and exhaust fumes, the smoke caused by industrial wastes in the indoor air pollution caused by increased carbon monoxide, Inhalation of irritant gases such as nitrogen dioxide, ozone, sulfur dioxide increases the incidence of allergic diseases such as asthma by sensitizing the respiratory tract. Along with industrialization, changing dietary habits and increasing consumption of foods with high allergen levels, which are ready instead of natural foods, cause food allergies.

: What can be done to prevent allergy risk?
Professor Dr. Atilla Büyükgebiz: Prevention of contact with allergens of infants with a history of allergic diseases in the family, that is, the risk of developing allergic diseases, preventing the mother from smoking during pregnancy and lactation, and consuming as little allergic foods as possible, feeding breast milk to the baby for at least 6 months and , solid foods should not be given before 6 months. Not only polluted air increases the risk of allergies. As children grow up in more hygienic environments living in the city, the balance of the defense system is disrupted as a result of less exposure to germs and the development of allergic diseases is facilitated. The rapid change in the domestic environment since the early 1990s and the increase of house dust mites as a result of the carpeting of many houses also support the development of allergy.

: Do environmental factors play a role in increasing the risk of diabetes?
Professor Dr. Atilla Büyükgebiz: Diabetes in children is ranked first among long-term diseases. Moreover, the prevalence of childhood diabetes has been increasing throughout the world for the last 30 years.
As a result of environmental factors in children with genetic predisposition, the pancreas's insulin-producing cells are damaged and the body is unable to produce insulin, resulting in diabetes. Environmental factors include malnutrition, obesity, previous influenza infections, inactivity, and stress. Frequent urination, drinking too much water and sudden weight loss symptoms, such as consult a specialist is useful.