Genital warts are the most common sexually transmitted diseases. About half of men or women suffer from this disease at some point in their lives. However, the disease is either spontaneous or does not give any indication that the person does not even know.
It is the virus that causes genital warts. The name of the virus is human papilloma virus (HPV) .Virus is highly contagious and passes vaginally or anally. Rarely, it is through oral sex or touch, without real sexual intercourse.
The mother may also pass HPV to her baby at birth, but this is not very common.
There may be no symptoms immediately after the virus is removed. After months or even years, HPV lesions can occur.
Warts usually occur in the vagina and vulva, around the anus, in the rectum, in the cervix.
Warts are soft and skin-colored. It can be small, large, wide, flat or bumpy. It can be single or multiple. Cauliflower can be looking.It is painless. Sometimes it may cause burning, pain, itching or bleeding.
Sometimes HPV can cause changes in the cervical cells of the cervix in the vaginal smear. Often, changes take place spontaneously and sometimes cause serious cell changes.
In many cases, the immune system defeats the disease. In many cases, the symptoms of the disease disappear in 1-2 years.
During pregnancy, HPV does not affect the health of the baby and the health of the pregnant woman. Genital warts tend to grow more during pregnancy.
As the immune resistance decreases during pregnancy, vaginal discharge increases and moistens the environment, and warts increase with hormonal changes.
The HPV-infected baby usually has lesions in the baby's vocal cords. Fortunately, this rarely occurs. Because it is difficult to cope.
There is no routine test for HPV during pregnancy.
There is no drug that prevents the formation of HPV during pregnancy. There are various treatment methods for pregnant women with warts.
Non-pregnant women have self-administered solutions, but this is not recommended for pregnant women. If the smear test is problematic, vagina and cervix should be examined with colposcopy.
The most basic way of protection from HPV is sexual intercourse with a single partner. Using condoms protects the woman partially from HPV. However, warts may occur in areas not covered by condoms.
It can be vaccinated against certain types of HPV after birth.