Healthy eating is a necessity for the continuation of all bodily functions. In this respect, nutrition is of great importance when it comes to reproductive health.
Healthy nutrition is essential for proper physical functions. During pregnancy, the body makes some new arrangements to increase the growth and development of the new baby and the need for some substances increases. Regulation of nutrition in line with these needs helps to bring a healthier baby to the world.
Does improper nutrition affect pregnancy?
Inadequate and unbalanced nutrition may adversely affect the growth and development of the baby. It can cause infant developmental delay, preterm birth and low birth weight. During pregnancy, nutrients that are known to be beneficial to the baby should be taken, and substances that are known to be harmful or that are likely to be harmed should be avoided.
Is nutrition important even before pregnancy?
It is known that it is impossible to obtain permanent right eating habits suddenly. The right eating habits that will continue for life are provided by gradually replacing bad habits with new ones. For this reason, people who are planning to become pregnant should have healthy and balanced eating habits before pregnancy. A balanced and healthy diet should continue during pregnancy. A mother who has a balanced feeding habits will maintain these habits after the baby is born, and ensure that her baby is also fed and grows healthy.
Does smoking harm?
Smoking has long-term negative effects on ovarian functions in women, and there are risks such as premature abortion, premature birth and the birth of a baby with low birth weight. There are also studies showing that the chance of pregnancy is reduced in women who smoke during infertility treatment. The longer the smoking period, the less eggs and embryos were obtained. If you are smoking, you should stop smoking as soon as possible so that you can increase your health as well as your chances of getting pregnant and have a healthy pregnancy.
Can obesity alone cause infertility?
Obesity changes the effect of hormonal stimuli on the ovaries and testes. Obesity increases insulin levels in women, resulting in excessive production of male hormones that prevent ovulation from ovaries. Ovulation disorders, which we call anovulation, and inability to have babies are common in obese women. There are publications showing that even losing 10% of its current weight helps improve ovulation function.
Does the same rule apply to men?
Although not as prominent as women, there are reports that overweight affects sperm parameters negatively and weight control before treatment has positive effects on sperm parameters.
Does excess weakness have an impact on fertility?
Excessive weakness prevents ovulation by disrupting the release of gonadotropin-releasing hormones (GnRH) and Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and Luteinizing hormone (LH) secreted from the brain, but also due to insufficient ovarian hormone production, the fertilization of the inner layer of the uterus called the endometrium cannot be established. . Excessive weakness causes malfunction of sperm and decrease in sperm count.
To be continued…