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One of the most serious health problems threatening women's health is gynecological cancers originating from the reproductive organs of the woman. The most common gynecological cancers are cervical cancer, popularly known as cervical cancer, cervical cancer arising from the inner layer of the uterus and ovarian cancer. In addition, very rare vulva-vaginal cancer and trophoblastic tumors are among the gynecological cancers.
The incidence of gynecological cancers is increasing among all cancers. The most common type of cancer in women after breast cancer is cervical cancer. This year, 500 thousand new cervical cancer cases are expected to be diagnosed all over the world. Especially in cervical cancer, the welfare and development level of the countries is extremely important. Cervical cancer is less common in women in developed countries, but women in developing countries have a higher incidence and mortality. The reason for this is the early diagnosis and treatment of cervical cancer and cervical swabs taken during regular gynecological examinations in modern societies.
Uterine and Cervical Cancers
The chief culprit in cervical cancer is identified as HPV called Human Papilloma Virus, Anadolu Medical Center Gynecology and Obstetrics Department Assoc. Dr. Fatih Güçer, cervical cancer alone for the formation of this virus is not enough stresses. In addition to HPV infection, poor nutrition from vitamins, smoking and obesity also have important effects on cervical cancer formation. Asserting that some types of HPV, which are very different types, cause cancer. Dr. Er Being infected with several types of HPV will accelerate the course of cancer. In addition, unprotected sexual intercourse, polygamy life, early onset of sexual life, lack of vitamins A and C and suppression of the immune system are the reasons that prepare cervical cancer. ”
Cervical cancer is not a specific symptom of Assoc. Dr. Güçer, however, described as' unusual discharge 'and sometimes in the style of bloody broth, sometimes after sexual intercourse discharge or blood coming from the cervical cancer requires suspicion, saying,' Depending on the spread of the disease, pubic pain, leg swelling, urine Hemorrhage or bleeding during constipation, a smelly continuous vaginal discharge are symptoms suggestive of cervical cancer. However, these are the symptoms after cervical cancer reaches a certain size. These symptoms occur during the stage of the tumor we call 'stage 1b'. However, our goal is to diagnose tumors before they reach 4 cm in diameter from stage 1b and start treatment. Konuşuy
Menopause period or immediately after the increase in the frequency of uterine cancer, Assoc. Dr. Güçer, especially in overweight women, diabetes and hypertension in women with uterine cancer is seen more, said: “Taking animal foods here is considered as one of the most important reasons. Because in the body of overweight women, the conversion of androgen hormone to estrogen is much more. This leads to an excess of estrogen, one of the most important causes of uterine cancer. In 2007, the number of newly diagnosed uterine cancer cases in the US is expected to be around 47,000. Amsal
Although uterine cancer poses a risk for women after menopause and after menopause, Assoc. Dr. Fatih Güçer, amalı It should be noted that 5 percent of all uterine cancers seem to be under 40 years. For this reason, women under the age of 40 should also be careful. The symptom that leads to uterine cancer patients comes to us is that they begin to bleed when they are not expecting irregular menstruation during menopause or no menstrual bleeding after menopause. 70-80 percent of patients present with irregular bleeding. Apart from this, some patients speak of a secret discharge when entering menopause or in the postmenopausal period. This is because the tumor continues to grow inside the uterus, adding an infection to the event causing the discharge. This is one of the symptoms of uterine cancer. Uterine cancer first metastasizes to the lung. For this reason, it is very rare that a chest X-ray can be used to diagnose a mass.
Ovarian cancer is the most insidious of gynecological cancers and the treatment success is lower due to the patient's referral to the physician at advanced stage. Although ovarian cancer often appears after menopause, it can also develop in younger women. 70 percent of the 'stage three' begins to show symptoms in the period called. This makes surgical and postoperative treatments more difficult; therefore, the patient's remaining life is slightly reduced. Assoc. Dr. Güçer, “Generally abdominal swelling, menstrual irregularity in menstruation, pain, constipation and enlargement around the abdomen can be counted as symptoms of ovarian cancer. These symptoms appear in the third stage. Because during this period, there is an accumulation of fluid in the stomach of the patients. This accumulation of fluid causes the patient's abdominal circumference to expand and the patient cannot wear the clothes he had previously worn. The patient often goes to the doctor with swelling and indigestion problem in his abdomen and cancer is diagnosed as a result of the investigation of common fluid in his abdomen.