Cold weather can adversely affect skin health. If the need for water and moisture is not increased during the winter months, many health problems, especially eczema, may occur with dry skin. Memorial Wellness Cosmetic Dermatology Department Uz. Dr. Makbule Dündar gave information about the effects of cold weather on skin health.
Increased risk of infection on skin with reduced moisture
With the arrival of winter and cooling the air, dryness and exfoliation of the skin may occur. Dehydration or winter eczema, called xerotic eczema, occurs as a result of increased moisture requirement. In addition to eczema, various microorganisms settle on the skin, especially from cracks in the hands and feet caused by dryness. These microorganisms cause various skin infections.
Can also be seen in infants and children
In winter, eczema due to skin dryness, as well as other types of eczema are frequently seen. Atopic eczema, which is known as the most common disease of infants and children, can attack in winter due to cold weather and dryness. Redness, flaking and itching can be seen especially on the inner surfaces of the knees and elbows and the eczema skin area seen on the face.
Use of moisturizer suitable for skin type and water consumption is important
It is often necessary to use intensive moisturizers to protect against skin eczema attacks in winter. Especially after bath, a moisturizer suitable for the skin type should be applied to the whole body. The moisturizer to be applied to the face in the morning is effective against dryness and cold weather that will occur on the skin in winter. In addition to using a humidifier, at least 2-3 liters of water should be consumed per day.
Stain on the face and I should use those sunscreen
Persons engaged in skiing in winter must wear high-factor sunscreen on their faces in order to avoid sun rays from snow. Those with dark spots on the face or me should also use SPF 20-30 moisturizing sunscreen. In addition, wearing gloves in cold weather, moisturizing hands with intense moisturizer 4-5 times a day and using neutral Ph soaps are protective against eczema that may attack during the winter months.
The right time for peeling and laser applications
In the summer months, because of heat-induced vasodilation, winter is considered a more suitable time, especially for cosmetic applications with laser content.
Skin and pregnancy spots, dark spots caused by sun damage, chemical peeling or Q switched laser can be removed with applications. Since these applications are affected by the sun, they cannot be done in summer months. Varicose vascular dilatations in the legs, capillaries on the face and venous ponds can also be removed by Nd-fat laser applications in winter.