Eating disorder in infants and children

Eating disorder in infants and children

1. Pika
2. Rumination Disorder
3. Malnutrition in Infants or Young Children

1-) Pika

? Continuous eating of non-edible substances for at least 1 month,
? Ingestion of non-edible substances is not appropriate for the level of development,
? This eating behavior is not part of a culturally accepted practice.

Pika: The things that should not be eaten:

? In young children: dye, strand, cloth.
? All children between 18-24 months should be kept separate because they eat whatever is put in their mouth.
? In older children: animal feces, pebbles, leaves.
? In adolescents: soil, clay

Concomitant - causing disorders:
Mental retardation
Common developmental disorder
Parental neglect


? Blood condition may deteriorate and blood diseases may occur.
? Disorders of the digestive system may occur.
? Obstructions in the intestines may occur.
2-) Rumination Disorder

? Repeated regurgitation and chewing of food for at least 1 month,
? This behavior is not due to a concomitant gastrointestinal or general medical condition.
? Weight loss due to malnutrition occurs in 25% of cases due to malnutrition (malnutrition).

Rumination Disorder:

Causes are:

? Parent deprivation
? Parental neglect
? Fragmentation of the family
? Exploitation-harassment
? Psychological trauma of the mother during pregnancy
? Unwanted pregnancy
? Child not wanted / illegitimate child

? Symptoms often disappear when conditions improve.

Malnutrition in Infants or Young Children

? Nutritional disorder manifested by inadequate weight gain or weight loss over at least 1 month
? This disorder is not related to a concomitant gastrointestinal or general medical condition
? This disorder cannot be explained by the absence of any other mental disorder or food.
? The age of onset is before 6 years of age.
? These children can also be withdrawn and indifferent.

Malnutrition in Infants or Young Children

? There is a conflict between the caregiver (often the mother) and the child about food.
? This may be due to the inability of the mother or caregiver to provide the food under appropriate conditions or conditions.
? It is recommended that the mother improve the communication and present the food to the child with love.
? If the nutritional improvement improves when the caregiver changes, the possibility of malnutrition becomes stronger.

Every child has an instinct to eat so much that they do not starve to death. The family should not be coercive.

Eating is an important concept not only in terms of normal development and physiological aspects, but also in terms of broad social interaction ranging from parent-child relationship to social relations.

Children may occasionally lose appetite:
? If the child is very tired
? If the child is extremely restless
? If the child is unhappy
? If you have another disease

? Appetite will improve when these situations pass.

The criteria for anorexia should be whether the child's eating habits create a health problem.

? This is good for you. Mak Forcing them to eat can make the child perceive food as a medicine.
? If the child understands his parents' concerns about food, he may try to abuse it.
? It is not right to choose the table as a place of discipline.

Çek Take your elbows off the table! ”,“ Don't swing! ”, Ma Don't smack!”
Insisting on table rules very early, showing displeasure for small crumbs and making comparisons with other children; it can cause the child to insist on his behavior or regress!