|when he was born||Hepatitis B Vaccine|
|1 month||Hepatitis B Vaccine|
|2 months||DTPa - Polyo - Meningitis|
|3 months||Tuberculosis Vaccine|
|4 months||DTPa - Polyo - Meningitis|
|6 months||DTPa - Polyo - Meningitis - Hepatitis B Vaccine|
|12 months||Chickenpox, measles, rubella, mumps vaccine|
|Month 18||DTPa - Polyo - Meningitis|
|Month 24||Hepatitis A Vaccine or Combined Hepatitis A&B Vaccine|
|30th Month||Hepatitis A Vaccine|
|4-6 Years||DTPa - Polyo - Meningitis and Measles, Rubella, Mumps Vaccine|
|Note: If meningitis (HIB) vaccines have not been started for the first 6 months, it is recommended that 2 doses of HIB be administered between 6 months and 1 year of age and repeated at 1.5 years of age. If meningitis (HIB) vaccines have not been performed until 1 year of age, a single dose should be given at 1 year of age.|
Would you like to calculate your baby's vaccination schedule? Just click the link below.
// www. / Aci-calendar-calculation /
Today's parents tend to ignore the positive effects of vaccines when they hear about the rare adverse effects of vaccines.
Benefits of vaccinesis much more than the risks.
Until recently most of the infant deaths; diphtheria (diphtheria), typhus and smallpox such as infectious diseases. Measles and whooping cough caused thousands of children to die or become disabled.
Parents polio He had become afraid of summer, which was frequent. Today, smallpox has completely disappeared, typhus and diphtheria are rare.
toşıis based on the formation of antibodies as if the person has been exposed to the disease as a result of the administration of weakened or dead microorganisms or their toxins.Immune system it records this event in its memory and the next time the body encounters that causative agent, the antibodies that are formed recognize this microorganism and immediately destroy it.
Even people living in ancient times knew that after having an illness, they would no longer have it and that the body was immune. Today vaccination saves the lives of thousands of young children every year. Some types of vaccines carry a slight risk of permanent damage.
The benefits of vaccination, except for high-risk children, are far greater than the risks. First-time vaccination smallpox He was so successful that the disease got out of the world.
Pediatry Vaccination should be started from the 2nd month of infancy and should be continued in childhood according to the advice of the doctors who specialize on it.
DTB (Diphtheria, Tetanus, Whooping Cough) Vaccine
DTB Vaccine is the first vaccine to be given to the baby. Reactions against the pertussis part of this vaccine are common. But most of them do not pose a serious danger.
Although pertussis vaccine is thought to cause brain damage, research has not shown exactly such a connection.
You should pay attention to the following to ensure that your baby is vaccinated safely.
- Your doctor should check the baby before the first vaccination,
- Especially after the vaccination. Within 48 hours (up to 72 hours) Observe carefully and see your doctor immediately if you see a severe reaction.
- Before the next combination vaccination, be sure to indicate if there is a reaction in the previous vaccination process.
- Ask your doctor if you have any questions.
Common Reactions After DTB
The reactions given below are ranked from low to low according to their frequency of occurrence. The first three are seen in half of the children.
- Pain at the injection site
- Mild to moderate fever
- Severe crying
- Swelling at the vaccination site
- Redness at the vaccination site
- Loss of appetite
You can review our video on Vaccination in Children.
Fever and pain Parasematol (acetaminophen) used in infants for infants may be administered to the infant for protection purposes immediately after vaccination to reduce reactions.
The application of a hot compress instead of a vaccine also relieves the baby. Fever and swelling may be a more common problem after the first dose.
When should you call the doctor?Call the doctor 48 hours after DTB injection if you observe;
- High and high-pitched continuous crying (for more than three hours)
- Too much sleep (if it is impossible to wake the baby)
- Irregular breathing
- Excessive ignition
- Transfer of the baby
Symptoms of brain inflammation, such as impaired consciousness and referral, are observed one week after vaccination. Sometimes the swelling of the salivary glands may occur due to the mumps of the vaccine.
Less common conditions in hands and feet tingling and allergic the reactions. It is difficult to distinguish them in infants.
When to Pertussis Vaccine?
American Academy of Pediatrics DTB vaccine skipping the whooping part and only DT (diphtheria, tetanus) recommended.
- Previously referral or seizure
- People with a neurological disease or suspicion, such as epilepsy
- Severe allergic reaction within few hours of previous DTB, referral in first three days, high fever in first two days or within seven days severe brain injury deemed
- Treated and high-tone crying for more than three hours after vaccination
- Babies using drugs that reduce the body's resistance to infections and diseases
He is the doctor of the baby who will decide on the DTB vaccine. Fever and mild colds may not be vaccinated or postponed. If there is an outbreak, even high-risk children are vaccinated because the danger of the disease is greater than that of the vaccine.
After the age of seven, children can be vaccinated without the whooping cough as the disease is less risky and more dangerous after this age.
It is even recommended to reduce the diphtheria after this age. For children over seven years of age, this combined vaccine is called TD, Every 7-10 years makes.
Polio Vaccination (OPV)
Polio (polio) vaccine has been saving lives for 30 years. Children receive a total of four doses of vaccine before school starts: between 2 and 4 months, 18 months and 4-6 years of age. Some doctors may take another dose at 6 months in high-risk areas.
This vaccine is safe and there is almost no adverse reaction in children. However, there is a very small chance of paralysis. Also vaccinated children in the family polio contamination it is higher than the one who has the disease.
Therefore, vaccination is not recommended if you are pregnant or have a weak immune system at home. Oral live polio vaccine is postponed in infants with a disease that is more important than the common cold.
Measles, Mumps and Rubella Vaccination (NCC)
12-15. It is not effective if done before months. Measles is a serious disease and can cause fatal complications. Rubella however, you may not notice that it passes so lightly. However, rubella causes congenital defects in infected pregnant women. vaccination in infancy Recommended.
Mumps does not pose a serious problem in childhood but when not vaccinated, it can lead to infertility and deafness in men during adulthood.
There is no serious reaction to the MMR vaccine; occurs 1-2 weeks after vaccination and is usually mild.In one of five children, the vaccine lasts several days due to measles. debris and light fire can.
One in seven children may have a rash or swelling of the neck due to the rubella part of the vaccine, and in one of the 20 children swelling in the joints can.
Hepatitis B Vaccine
Currently all individuals in their childhood Hepatitis B Vaccine is recommended. It increases the immunity of people against hepatitis virus which is very common in the society and causes jaundice. The first dose of the vaccine is given at birth.
Second vaccine as an additional dose 2 - 4 months and 6-18. month the third should be done. This vaccine has no specific side effects. Hepatitis B vaccine can be administered to all age groups three times.
Hemophilus B Vaccine
These vaccines are fatal, leading to serious infections in infants and young children. Hemophilus Influenza Type B (HIB) is made to block bacteria. Meningitis and epiglottis Hib infection is responsible for the majority of cases.
In our country, this vaccine is not a standard for all newborns and is only available if a doctor recommends high-risk babies.
BCG (Tuberculosis Vaccine)
It is a live vaccine obtained by reducing virulence. Protective value %20-80 between. This vaccine may not prevent transmission and transmission of tuberculosis, but the primary task is to achieve the fatal complications of tuberculosis (common) and tuberculosis of the central nervous system protection is.The first dose of this vaccine is administered as soon as the child is born. Then three more times 6-7. 10-13 years old. age, and 16-18. age is applied. This vaccine is administered for the first three months without PPD testing, and then the child's PPD PPD negative This indicates that the child has become immune. If the PPD is positive, that child's immune rate has already improved and there is no need for a vaccine.
After this vaccination, a local reaction can be seen at the vaccination site. In particular, vaccination is important for the prevention of tuberculosis disease in our country in terms of public health and for the elimination of this disease.
Tuberculosis vaccine control test PPD should be performed at regular intervals. If necessary, the BCG is repeated. In addition, Hepatitis B vaccine test is performed at the age of 1 and 3 and a reminder dose is administered at the age of 5 if necessary.
If the vaccine does not contain any hepatitis B Primary vaccination is recommended.