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Pregnancy for the expectant mother is an exciting, curious and difficult process. The family wants to know if the baby is healthy, not primarily the sex. For this reason, a large burden on the expectant mother actually. The expectant mother needs to be careful about her nutrition, she needs to be careful while moving, her psychology needs to be healthy, and finally she has to stay away from substances that may be harmful to the baby, such as cigarettes and alcohol.
There are some tests you can take to find out if your baby is healthy or disabled.
The screening test allows you to determine if your baby has any genetic problems. The test that determines whether the baby has a genetic disease does not determine whether the baby has a disability. There are many types of screening tests. These; carrier scan, ultrasound scan and finally the blood tests. If screening test results are positive, advanced diagnostic tests are recommended to check the baby's health.
There are some disability tests recommended for all pregnant women. Other than that, the illnesses of the parents are recommended if there is any problem in the physical examination. Tests do not show all of the baby's innate injuries.
Some of the congenital injuries to the baby may be hereditary. The purpose of carrier screening is to determine whether the couple carries the wrong gene for hereditary diseases. What is needed for the test is the laboratory examination of the blood sample of the prospective and prospective father. Carrier screening test can be performed before, during and after pregnancy.
Carrier scanning is at your discretion. If the test is positive, the baby's father should also be tested with the carrier. If the test is positive for the father, you should get detailed information from your doctor about the mishaps this issue may cause.
As everyone knows, ultrasound scanning can be done in every process of pregnancy. With ultrasound scanning;
- Organs and organ structures of the baby,
- How many weeks the baby is,
- Changes in the development of the baby,
- Baby's heart rate,
can be controlled.
Chorion Vilus Sampling
This test should be performed to detect chromosomal disorders such as Down syndrome and trisomy 18. A small sample from the placenta needs to be examined. The genetic structure of the chorionic villi in the placenta is the same as that of the baby. It can be done between 10-12 weeks of pregnancy.
You can make your pregnancy at 15-20 weeks. A small the amniotic The baby cells are examined with a microscope to detect a chromosome or hereditary disorder. However, testing the level of AFP in the amniotic fluid also helps in detecting the infant's nerve tube injury.
Blood Sample from the Baby
Blood samples taken from the baby, known as cordocentesis, are used to detect chromosome errors and other abnormalities in the blood taken from a vein in the umbilical cord. This test is generally preferred when it cannot be diagnosed by ultrasound, chorionic villus sampling or amniocentesis.