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Democracy education and its effects on children

Democracy education and its effects on children

What is democracy? How well do we know this concept that we are in a relationship with? How well can we explain this concept to our children? We should start to think about these questions that are frequently questioned by the developing and changing world and we should demand the formation of systems that enable democracy education in our country.

There is an accepted fact in the understanding of democracy that the effective achievement of democracy can only be achieved by people who know the principles and values ​​of democracy. For this reason, children have very important roles for the future of democracy. In our children, the formation of the culture of democracy and awareness, the election-election and voting culture to gain, to address their own problems with their own perspectives, participation and tolerance understanding is instilled, tolerance-tolerance, pluralism, respect for different religions and beliefs and the importance of the individual and individual It is of great importance that a consciousness and culture of democracy is established in which the principles including the

In preschool, democracy means that young children can make decisions about their own lives. This approach serves as a tool both for the development of self-confidence and the development of skills (especially for children with disabilities) that are important for children. In addition to recognizing themselves in a democratic approach, children can also gain insight into social and group awareness.

According to educational theorists in democracy education, adults can help children learn:

- self-management
- confidence in their ability to make meaningful decisions
- learn to trust others
- participate in learning and be patient in learning, taking responsibility for their own decisions
- to lead and succeed in working under the leadership of others
- to establish communication skills
- to develop thinking skills and based inquiry methods
- to realize their own decisions by learning that their ideas are important.
- develop skills and independence
- understand that difference can be rewarded
- learn the meaning of a group membership and loyalty in a social group
- learn to respect yourself and others
- discover your own special interests and skills, and others' interests and skills

Of course, while paying attention to these points listed above, another issue that should not be forgotten is that children learn by taking a model, so don't forget to pay attention to your own behavior while instilling something about children's awareness of democracy, and make sure that your behavior is in harmony with the principles you want to teach. Also, pay attention to systematic long-term application of these principles, not short-term, otherwise the effects of the democratic method will not be permanent.

Some recommendations to trainers in preschool education institutions;

- allow children to make decisions that can affect the whole group in the classroom (if you ask kitabı which book should we read today ği, the child's response will affect the group)
- directing children to problem solving
- directing children to problem solving
- to teach students that they are entitled to others
- to teach individuality and belonging to the group
- supporting children to take responsibility in the classroom

Utilized resources:

the www.meb.gov.tr/duyurular/duyurular/proj/demegveokulmecproje
www.issa.nl/journal.html
Çoluk Çocuk Magazine, Democratic Approaches in Preschool Education, 2004.

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