General

Curiosities about newborn babies

Curiosities about newborn babies

Who is a newborn?The newborn period covers the first 28 days of life. Babies born less than 37 weeks of gestation are called premature babies. Babies born at 36 - 37 weeks of gestation are borderline premature babies.Which babies are called a low birth weight baby?Babies born below 2500 g regardless of gestational week are called low birth weight babies. Not all of these babies are premature. Why infants born at time and below 2500g should be investigated for low birth weight. Blood glucose monitoring should be performed in these babies. Hypoglycemia is common as fat stores and glycogen stores are low. The risk of jaundice is also greater.How common is neonatal jaundice?Neonatal jaundice is seen in 60% of premature babies and 80% of premature babies. Jaundice first begins on the face of the babies' eyes white and spreads downwards. If progressed towards the abdomen, jaundice should be considered. Since there may be eye and eye errors, the level of bilirubin in the blood is checked to understand the jaundice.Is jaundice harmful?The small amount of bilirubin that forms jaundice is useful because bilirubin is an antioxidant. Since the antioxidant substances are low in newborn babies, it provides prevention of some lung, brain and intestinal diseases. However, when it rises too high, blood can cross the brain barrier and damage brain cells, causing brain damage called kernicterus. What levels of bilirubin are dangerous?For this we use the criteria of the American Academy of Pediatrics. In these criteria, critical bilirubin levels vary according to the birth weight of the baby and how many days. For example, if the bilirubin level is above 17 mg / dl, phototherapy should be started in infants older than 3 days older than 2500 g.What should be the treatment of jaundice?If the bilirubin level has reached the level of phototherapy, a special light treatment called phototherapy is initiated. With this treatment, bilirubin is transformed into a water-soluble form and can be disposed of with urine and stool. IVIG may be given if there are blood type nonconformities and if the bilirubin level is close to the blood exchange limit. If bilirubin is too high for all treatments, blood exchange is performed. Good nutrition of the baby will reduce the amount of bilirubin as it increases the amount of bilirubin that goes away with the stool.How to tell if the baby is fed enough?Taking 25 to 30 grams a day indicates that the baby is well fed. Babies can lose 5 to 10% of their weight in the first few days. Further weight loss should be considered. Too much crying or too much sleep is not a feeding criterion.What should be the temperature of the newborn?The temperature of the environment where the newborn baby is 22 - 23C. Heat above 24 ° C decreases the baby's activity, causes the baby to sleep and not absorb much.Does baby sneeze show colds?All babies sneeze, because the nasal mucosa is very sensitive. Even dust particles flying through your clothes make you sneeze. If the baby does not have fever, fever or cough, it should only be monitored.Why do babies sob?During or after feeding, diaphragm is irritated, contractions and hiccup reflexes occur. Reduced by swallowing, so it is recommended to suckle babies suckling their mothers again.What should be the umbilical care of the newborn?The hub should be kept dry and clean. 70% alcohol can be used for umbilical care. Iodine solutions should not be used as they may change thyroid hormone levels. Not washing the baby until the belly falls makes it easier for the belly to fall dry. The baby should be boiled during this period and wiped with warm water.Is it possible to travel with the baby?Airplane travel is possible with the baby. Breastfeeding as the plane takes off and lands, balances ear pressure, prevents pain in the baby's ear.