General

What are the common health problems in babies?

What are the common health problems in babies?

THRUSH
You saw something white in your baby's mouth and thought it was milk residue, but it started bleeding when you tried to clean it. That means you and your baby have a yeast infection. Although this fungal disease known as thrush causes problems in your baby's mouth, its activity has already started as a monilial infection (Monilia class fungus) in the birth canal and that is where your baby receives it. The causative agent of this infection is a fungus called Candida Albikansad, which normally lives in the mouth and vagina, and is the cause of frequent vaginal discharge in women. Other beneficial microorganisms that live in the body usually control this and do not cause any problems. However, when the balance is disturbed (illness, antibiotic use, hormonal changes, pregnancy), conditions that are suitable for the fungus and cause symptoms of infection occur. Thrush is seen on the inside of the baby's cheeks and sometimes in the form of protruding white spots on the tongue, palate and gums that look like cheese or lora. When the shells are removed, a red area will appear underneath and may bleed. Thrush occurs most often in newborns but sometimes also in older infants; especially in infants given antibiotics buinfection occurs. If you suspect thrush, consult your doctor immediately. The effect of this infection is not dangerous, but it can cause pain and disrupt the baby's feeding.

JAUNDICE
Most newborns begin to yellow on the second or third day. The yellowing that starts from the head and spreads to the toes is caused by the biluria in the blood and can even hold the white parts of the eyes. Biluribin, which is the last of the normal destruction products of oxygen-bearing red blood cells, is usually removed from the bloodstream, after being processed in the liver and excreted through the kidneys. However, newborns produce more biluribin in excess of their immature liver. As a result, biluribin accumulates in the blood and forms the jaundice we call normal or physiological. In physiological jaundice, yellowing begins on the second or third day of the baby's life and decreases when the baby is one week or ten days old. In premature infants with less mature kidneys, yellowing begins later (usually on day 3-4) and lasts longer. Physiological jaundice occurs more frequently in infants, infants who lose a lot of weight after birth, in their mothers or babies born with artificial pain. Most of the time, biluribin levels gradually decrease and the baby returns home without problems. Pathological jaundice - jaundice, which represents a serious disease, is rare. It is later or later born than physiological jaundice and blood biluribin levels are very high. When seen at birth or in the first days, it shows hemolytic disease caused by blood group incompatibility (different Rh factors of mother and baby). Subsequent jaundice (usually within two weeks after birth) is due to a defect in the liver. Pathological jaundice can be caused by veintrauterine and neonatal infections, usually due to inherited blood or liver disease. Treatment to normalize abnormally high biluribin levels allows this substance to accumulate in the brain to prevent kernicterusad disorder. Kernicterus is a serious disease and can lead to brain damage or even death. Mild physiological jaundice usually does not require treatment. Heavier cases are effectively cured by phototherapy using UV light. During treatment, the eyes are closed to prevent damage from the radiation and their bodies are naked. In addition, the baby is given external fluid because they lose too much. Treatment of pathological jaundice is done according to the cause, but phototherapy, blood transfusion and surgery can also be used in this. should immediately consult a doctor.

EYE FLOWS
Blood or body fluids that are transmitted to the baby's eye at birth can cause a common eye inflammation. If your baby wakes up two days after birth with a yellowish white discharge from their eyelashes and their eyelashes stick together, it may be conjunctivitis (eye inflammation) and consult your doctor. Such a slight yellowish discharge within a day or two immediately after birth is the result of a drug called silver nitrate, which is used to prevent gonococcal infection in the baby and to develop gonococcal infection in the baby rather than in the hospital. Gonococcal infection, which was previously a major cause of blindness, was completely eliminated. When the drops with silver nitrate are dropped into the eyes of the baby, chemical conjunctivitis occurs in one of every five newborns, disappearing 4-5 days after birth and characterized by swelling and yellowish discharge in the eye. If the swelling and discharge do not improve, tell your doctor immediately because the cause may be conjunctivitis caused by another microorganism, and in this case you will need to use an eye drop or ointment with antibiotics.
Wipe your eye out of the eyeball. Use separate, clean cotton for each eye.

COLD PERCEPTION OR UPPER RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTION (MEMBER)
The common cold is one of the most common diseases among infants and children. Contrary to popular belief, it is not usually cold or cold. It is an infectious disease which is usually caused by viruses.
Colds in infants and children should be taken more seriously because of the danger of lungs or ears being affected. If your child develops red stains in addition to the usual flu symptoms, he or she may be removing measles or rubella. Symptoms of this disease is a flowing nose, sneezing, nasal congestion, fever, weakness, loss of appetite, and a dry cough.MUTI can be seen all year round and the cause is one of 100 known viruses.

The disease usually lasts for three to ten days, but may be longer in young infants.There is no known definitive treatment but the following methods are applied:
• Nasal cleansing of the baby, if it is hard, should be dripped and softened beforehand.
• It is beneficial to increase the humidity in the ambient air. This prevents nasal congestion and allows the baby to breathe more comfortably.
• Put the baby to prone, not supine. To keep the baby breathing more comfortably, place pillows or similar things under the bed so that the head stays in the air.
• Nasal obstruction openers (decongestants) can be used as recommended by the doctor.
• Petroleum jelly products can be applied to the outside, nose and bottom of the nose to prevent irritation and skin rash.
• Cough medicines should only be used for dry coughs that cause sleep breaks. An antitussive should never be used without a doctor's prescription. Antibiotics do not provide a benefit to cold unless another microbial condition occurs.

When feeding the baby, you should also pay attention to the following:
• If you have the flu, you may reduce it for a while by consulting your doctor as the virus may have passed on to your baby.
• Giving large amounts of liquid foods is beneficial as it replaces lost fluid with fever and nasal secretions.
• The baby should have enough vitamin C foods.

Colds can sometimes cause ear infections or bronchitis in infants. This is your baby's first cold; if your baby is less than three months old and the temperature is above 38 degrees; if the fever suddenly disappears and lasts more than two days; If dry cough persists more than two days; if your baby cannot sleep and cannot be fed; if you feel the difficulty of breathing from the outside; a dark greenish slime occurs; If you cry excessively by pulling the ears, you should take your baby to the hemendocorp.

CONSTIPATION
This problem is more common in breast-fed infants because they do not suffer from constipation. Symptoms of the disease; strain due to sparse defecation and hardness; cracks and bloody stools due to hard stools in the anus; abdominal pain and restlessness. Constipation is more common when the fruit is consumed less, especially in winters. The reason for constipation is a digestive system that runs less; Various diseases can be inadequate consumption of fibrous food.In spite of the rare occurrence of breast milk, symptoms should be reported to the doctor immediately. Occasional constipation can be improved by rearranging the feeding habit. Some body exercises can be beneficial, especially for young babies (try to have a bicycle twist by lying on your back when your baby has difficulty in stool). Never give any medication without doctor's advice.

DIARRHEA
This problem is very rare in breast-fed. Because substances found in breast milk largely prevent the formation of diarrheal microorganisms.
Symptoms of diarrhea; frequent watery defecation; increased frequency and amount of feces; slimy feces and sometimes vomiting. Diarrhea can occur in all seasons, but it is more common in the summer as fresh fruit consumption is higher.
The causes of diarrhea can be listed as follows:
• Disease
• Teething
• Sensitivity to specific foods
• Excess fruit and fruit juice (especially apple and grape) consumption
• Gastrointestinal infection (development of microbial infection in the intestine)
• Antibiotic treatment (feeding antibiotics to the baby during the antibiotic treatment may prevent the diarrhea due to the live cultures it contains.)

Although diarrhea treatment varies depending on the causes, the most common diarrhea treatment is the diet. Sometimes the doctor may prescribe medication. A baby with diarrhea should never be given medication without doctor's approval, otherwise you may endanger the baby's health. To protect the baby from irritation, change it after each defecation and apply diaper rash every time you change it. If the baby is too small and there is a severe diarrhea, it is appropriate to hospitalize for fluid treatment. In many cases it is best to continue to give formula or mother's milk. A lactose-free food regimen is recommended as a baby with diarrhea is temporarily vulnerable to lactose (found in cow's milk).
You should follow these recommendations:

• To prevent fluid loss due to diarrhea, 50-60 ml of fluid should be given at least every two hours. In addition to breastmilk or ready-made food, a rehydration mixture is recommended for diarrhea, which is available in almost every pharmacy. It is advisable to give a spoon, glass or bottle of sip every two or three minutes. Never give the baby sweetened foods or artificial juices.
• If the baby is receiving regularly, you can continue with solid foods. The more often the baby is fed, the less the diarrhea will have. The best selection of starchy foods such as banana puree, rice, potatoes and pasta form.
• If vomiting occurs, solid foods should not be given until vomiting stops. However, drained and diluted fruit juices can be given. For slightly older infants, mixed soda can be given with diluted fruit juice.
• Generally, after two or three days after the stool has returned to normal, your doctor will recommend that you return to normal diet, but be sure to keep solid foods containing milk and milk for a few more days.

Once or twice watery stools are not important, but it should continue; with fever and vomiting, the baby's anorexia is likely to consult a doctor.