Hepatitis (jaundice), one of the most important diseases of our age, is likely to spread to mothers during pregnancy.
Hepatitis (jaundice), one of the most important diseases of our age, is likely to spread to mothers during pregnancy. In general, hepatitis that does not pass from mother to baby does not cause anomalies or disabilities in the baby. VKV American Hospital Specialist in Women's Health Unit. Senai AKSOY reviewed the effects of different types of jaundice on pregnant and infant.
Hepatitis A Hepatitis A infection, which is mostly transmitted from poorly washed foods and beverages, is a type of jaundice that heals itself completely. Hepatitis A does not cause permanent diseases and does not cause carriage. In addition, when hepatitis A is passed during pregnancy, the infection does not cause an anomaly or disability. Hepatitis B Hepatitis B, which is a virus infection that is transmitted during birth as well as sexual intercourse and blood products, can be passed from mother to baby during birth.
Since hepatitis B does not pass from mother to baby during pregnancy, it does not cause anomalies or disabilities in the baby. Hepatitis B develops with mild flu-like symptoms after an incubation period of 2 to 6 months after infection. In some cases it is permanently located after the initial infection and becomes a carrier. Most of the time, however, it does not cause carriage and provides full immunity.
Pregnant women who have had hepatitis B during pregnancy or who have had a carrier before, miscarriage, stillbirth or anomaly during pregnancy do not cause disability. However, the disease can be passed on to the baby during childbirth and the baby may develop after birth. As the virus can pass from breast milk to the baby, the mother should not breastfeed the baby. HBsAg (+) and AntiHBs (-) administered to the expectant mother during pregnancy
Hepatitis B tests show whether the mother is a carrier. HBeAg test shows the risk of passing the disease to the baby during delivery. The first dose of Hepatitis B vaccine with Hepatitis B immunoglobulin is given to the baby of a mother who is found to be a carrier within the first 12 hours after birth. When the baby is one month old, the second dose of the vaccine is given when the baby is 6 months old. The treatment protects the baby from the disease only 90 - 95 percent. Babies should therefore be followed up for infection even after treatment. If the mother is not infected with the hepatitis B carrier, the routine vaccination schedule is applied. Since the hepatitis B vaccine is an inactivated (dead) vaccine, it does not cause any problems during pregnancy.
Detailed Information on Hepatitis B Tests
Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg): People with a positive test result may be infected with hepatitis B. The disease is defined as chronic hepatitis B infection when the antigen remains positive in a person's blood for more than 6 months. Hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg): A positive result means that the person is severely infected with hepatitis B infection. Hepatitis B core antigen IgM type Antibody (IgM anti-HBc): A positive test indicates that the person has been infected with Hepatitis B or has had hepatitis B infection for the last 6 months. The presence of this antibody, although negative for HbsAg, indicates an acute or recent hepatitis B infection. Hepatitis B surface antibody (anti-HBs): An antibody that appears at the onset of hepatitis B and in the phase between recovery. In addition, this antibody is positive in hepatitis B vaccine and shows protection. Hepatitis B DNA (HBV DNA): It is the most sensitive test among the tests. A positive result indicates the presence of active infection. Hepatitis B vaccine can be given when HbsAg and Anti-HBs tests are negative. Hepatitis C has the same characteristics as Hepatitis B in terms of transmission and effect on the baby. Hepatitis C has no vaccine.