PHASES: Language development starts with sound from birth. In this article we will examine the language development together until the age of starting school.
1 week: Even when she cries, she does the exercises for speaking. It takes short and deep breaths and makes mouth movements necessary to make a sound during crying. Demonstrates the ability to regulate sound and respiration.
2 weeks: Crying continues at irregular intervals, cries when he comes to sleep.
Three weeks: Crying is reduced.
Month 4 then crying is reduced when sleeping at night.
Month 2 From the end of the chirping, guk like comfortable, makes you feel happy sounds.
Month 3 At the end, he can laugh out loud and turn to the mother's voice. It forms combinations of vowels and consonants such as A - gu.
Month 6 He hears the mother's voice remotely and turns.
When you are alone or in the crowd, it makes one-syllable, two-syllable, song-like, harmonious sounds.
It gives the same response to all human voices. It can make a connection between sounds and face. Recognizes and distinguishes the sound coming from the mother or father standing backwards.
He laughs and cheers while playing.
When he gets angry, he screams when he gets angry.
It reacts to the different tones of the mother.
6 - 9 Months The break starts to spell. He makes meaningless words like Ba, ma, ta. He likes to relax his own voice, he laughs at himself. They make voices in the crowd and make good voices when spoken to.
6- 8 Months tells the same syllables in a row. Spelling such as Ba -ba-, da -da, ma-ma keeps the vocal mechanism under control and accelerates speech. If children sing songs and lullabies, they catch the rhythm of speech and speak more quickly and easily.
9-11 Months He is interested in everyday sounds, especially human voice. She screams, listens, reacts to attract attention. No, come on, he understands his words. He smacks his lips, makes racy sounds, makes chirping sounds. It reacts to sounds applied at a distance of +1 m from the ear according to the direction. Hearing impaired children can be understood this month.
Verbs can be explained in motion. Away, here burada.
Hand - Arm movements and voice can request the goods.
He understands the word no.
12 months He knows his own name and returns when he calls.
Changes the tone by itself
He can speak aloud.
Uses vowels more.
Knows the names of family members.
Kitty understands concepts such as kitty, hav hav hav, clapping hands, understanding concepts such as bring him to me
Describe your problem with meaningful words, like water
Milk, water, and so on.
Explain objects with symbols. Mute mute
Being ready to speak is seen in 12-18 months old children. Speech takes place by imitating; Generalize the words learned. For example, all men can call their father or grandfather. Understand the word in 13 months.
Month 18 He asks simple questions and expresses them with one word. Oh, no,. He says words like me. Knows the rhythm of speech, the order of speech, looks at the face of the speaker. He understands most of what is said and follows the instructions. Recognizes most of the book and objects used. It can use approximately 50 words. Language development is fast in a family environment that is prone to speaking and sharing. There should be no pressure to speak, but it should be spoken to. The name can be said when giving the toys. Don't use baby language, it can make it use two names for an object. Meet the names of adverbs and adjectives.
2 Years Speaking at this age is at a level that can be understood by foreigners. He understands too many words, but uses few words. He can make sentences with two words, he talks, who, what, why. He asks his questions. Envelope and adjectives In the case of excitement, enthusiasm “stuttering, may be common.
2,5 Years Can use up to 200 words, childish pronunciation can be seen. Who asks what questions. Ben, you use the pronouns right. Explain the use of two items. Recognize two adjectives.
3 years Sentences begin to sit in terms of grammar. Can establish cause-effect relationship between thoughts. He talks without knowing if he's listening. He knows 300 words, can speak for himself, is interested in new words, and discovers the meaning of “and.. I am aware of the words and concepts that tell you the present and the future. He uses the pronoun and some simple prepositions appropriately. Learns color names, but cannot match color to name. He might say white to green.
4 years Speaks in accordance with the rules of grammar, speech is understandable. He often asks why, why, how, where, when. He can listen to long stories, confuse dream with reality. He can search his dream yellow car at home in his wake. He can recite the poem, the song.
5 years oldHe always wants to talk, wants to make long sentences, asks questions. Why so, how to write with a pen and so on. Speaks in accordance with grammar rules. Tells events and stories in order of subject. Why, why? He thinks, plans, tells.
Listened and understood children can learn better at school. It is related to the environment, recognizes colors, shapes, knows short - long, big - small concepts, is ready to learn. Reading and writing require the best functioning of the sensory pathways. Muscle development, motivation, self-control gain importance in reading and learning.
Dr. Beam Flux