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Congenital Hip Dislocation Easily Treated with Early Diagnosis

Congenital Hip Dislocation Easily Treated with Early Diagnosis

According to statistical information published by the World Health Organization, hip dislocation is seen in two out of a thousand children born every year. Three out of every four of them are girls. Sema Hospital Orthopedics Specialist View Yakup's Full Profile congenitalhip dislocation He shares with you what is curious about.

: What is Hip Dislocation?
Dr. Yakup Yildirim: Congenital hip dislocation is a common problem in children that can cause permanent disability if not understood and treated early. There are varying degrees of mismatch between the head of the upper leg bone and the hip joint. Some problems that occur while the baby develops in the womb cause hip dislocation. It is more common in girls, first babies, babies born with breech presentation and those with a family history of hip dislocation.

: How often do hip dislocation occur?
Dr. Yakup Yildirim: According to statistical information published by the World Health Organization, hip dislocation is seen in two out of a thousand children born every year. Three out of every four of them are girls. Inherited traits are another contributing factor; this possibility is 25% higher in children with a previous hip dislocation in their parents. Studies show that girls are 6-9 times higher than boys Congenital Hip Dislocation shows that the mother's first-born baby is in the risk group. Infants who stand in the womb are more likely to have hip dislocation than other infants.

: Does the swaddle cause hip dislocation?
Dr. Yakup Yildirim: The arson tradition is not as widespread as it used to be, but it is still widespread in Anatolia. swaddling clothes Do not do it, even a daily practice can lead to hip dislocation.

: In which cases should a doctor be consulted?
Dr. Yakup Yildirim: If one leg of the baby is shorter than the other, if the curves on the thighs do not reciprocate when the baby is placed prone, the families should go to a specialist immediately.

: How is the diagnosis made?
Dr. Yakup Yildirim: Diagnosis can be made at the first examination after birth, but despite careful examinations, until the end of the first year congenital hip dislocation can be overlooked. Especially in the first 6 months, the improvement in patients with DCF is almost 100%. Doctor's examination is very important in diagnosis. However, it may not always be possible to make a diagnosis of hip dislocation. At the end of the first month, the diagnosis is confirmed by hip ultrasonography. After 4 months, the value of hip ultrasonography decreases and X-ray is necessary.

: How is treatment planned?
Dr. Yakup Yildirim: If the hip dislocation is diagnosed in the first 6 months, it can be treated simply with a special device (Pavlik Bandage), but the treatment becomes increasingly difficult in the future. After the sixth month, under general anesthesia, the hip should be closed and the plaster treated. In the first year after delivery, open surgical procedures should be performed when the hip dislocation is diagnosed.