General

How does pregnancy affect your heart?

How does pregnancy affect your heart?

What should be considered for cardiovascular health of pregnant women?

Pregnancy is one of the most important experiences that women have in their lives… It brings many changes both emotionally and physiologically. The expectant mother who does not know what to expect may have difficulty adapting to this situation. Cardiovascular Surgeon Op.Dr. Orçun Ünal states that pregnancy can cause many changes in the cardiac system as well as changes in the whole body and underlines many important points about the changes.

What changes in the cardiac system during pregnancy?

Changes in the cardiac system during pregnancy; increase in blood volume, heart load and heart rate. Excessive shortness of breath, fatigue, long palpitations, and excessive swelling of the ankles may be an important precursor of a heart disease triggered by pregnancy. Some heart problems, such as mitral valve prolapse, may be dangerous during pregnancy and may require antibiotic use during childbirth. Other heart diseases, such as congenital heart problems, can seriously affect the health of pregnant women. The most common cause of death related to non-delivery pregnancy is pregnancy heart disease.

Are heart diseases common during pregnancy?

Heart Disease affects 1% of all pregnancies. Rheumatic valve diseases are the most common type and the most common cardiac complication of pregnancy is heart valve diseases. The degree of risk associated with pregnancy is determined by the severity of heart valve lesions. Roughly 90% of these patients have mitral stenosis, which may result in worsening obstruction due to increased cardiac burden during pregnancy. The risk of heart failure is increased in pregnant women with severe valve stenosis or dysrhythmia.

What should be considered for cardiovascular health of pregnant women?

• Avoid excessive salt consumption during pregnancy
• Do not require heavy effort
• Pregnant mothers with pre-existing heart disease should be closely monitored during pregnancy. Necessary measures should be taken in order to eliminate the possible negative effects of sudden changes especially during childbirth at the end of the pregnancy, where cardiologists and obstetricians should work together.
• Weight gain during pregnancy needs attention. Excessive weight gain can increase the water uptake in the body, increasing the burden of the heart.
• Pregnant women with anemia should regulate their dietary supplementation with iron supplementation, as anemia alone can cause heart failure.