General

When should children be vaccinated against influenza?

When should children be vaccinated against influenza?

VKV American Hospital Department of Pediatrics Contact Arzu directly influenza is more likely to be transmitted through contact, so it is important to comply with hygiene rules and not to approach sick people. He shares with you what needs to be done to avoid the flu…

The causes of colds and flu are various viruses. There are close to 200 viruses that cause colds. Until the age of 2, every child has 8-10 upper respiratory infections per year. This condition is accompanied by nasal congestion, sneezing, runny nose, cough, redness in the eyes, headache, and excessive fatigue. Vomiting and nausea are more common in influenza.

Transmission occurs by hand contact, coughing and sneezing (droplet path). Hands should be washed frequently for protection. Wash hands with lukewarm water for at least 20 seconds. Sick children should be taught to use their elbow, not their hand, while coughing. Because of influenza diseases are transmitted by touch.

Door handles, faucets, toys and electrical outlets must be wiped with virus-killing chemicals. It is right to stay away from sick people and not to send the sick child to school or kindergarten. In infants under one year of age, the disease may be severe, so it is best not to compare it with sick people.

The AAP (American Academy of Pediatrics) recommends that children between 6 months and 23 months receive a vaccine against influenza every fall (October-November). The CDC (Prevention and Prevention Center recommends that every healthy child (6 months to 5 years of age) gets the flu vaccine. Bed rest and proper nutrition help to strengthen our body's defense system. influenza is more common.

Treatment methods

In the treatment of viral infections it is possible to alleviate the complaints. Nasal cleansing with saline should be performed for nasal obstruction. Both the amount of virus in the nose decreases and the nose becomes moistened. Warm saline is applied to the nostrils 6 - 8 times a day and aspirated after 1 minute.

Using a cold humidifier in the child's bedroom moistens the room air and prevents nasal congestion.

The drug can be used as fever and pain relief. It is recommended to give plenty of fluids. Herbal medicines that prevent viruses from sticking to the mucosa cause the disease to alleviate.

In colds or colds, the fever can last for 1 to 2 days, during which period painkillers should be given. Sore throat also helps to feed the good future.

Influenza (influenza) type A can be treated with antiviral drugs in children older than 1 year when the first symptoms are felt (first 24-48 hours). Again, the immunomodulator umckaloabo, which is widely used in Europe from the onset of the disease, activates the immune system and increases resistance to viruses. Immunomodulators, which are becoming widespread in Europe, provide treatment by increasing the immune response at the onset of the disease.

A child with a cold or flu is usually expected to recover in 1 week. If the cough lasts more than 1 week, if the ear pain, runny green - yellow color, the complications of the flu pneumonia, otitis, sinusitis is developing, according to the diagnosis of antibiotic complications should be used to go to the doctor. Antibiotics should not be used unnecessarily as it will weaken the body's defense system. Herbal teas help the child sore throat and fluid intake, but do not change the duration of the disease. Taking vitamins during these periods (such as vitamin C…) has not been shown to be beneficial in shortening the duration of the disease or relieving symptoms.