Pregnancy is an important period in women's lives. Every day has a different value for both mother and baby until the birth. Pregnancy, which lasts about 40 weeks, can be accompanied by an exciting anticipation, as well as many complaints from nausea to bleeding, from diabetes to hair loss. The important thing is the ability to cope with the problems. It is of great importance that the expectant mother trusts her physician. Gynecology and Obstetrics Specialist at Acıbadem Eskişehir Hospital Ahmet Fatih Öğüç, lists 15 common problems and recommendations during pregnancy. Dr. states that the pregnancy is handled in three periods. Öğüç differentiates the problems according to these periods. After 28 weeks, the most important thing the mother should do is monitor the baby's movements in the womb. The baby must move at least 10 times between 9 am and 9 pm. Repeated movements of the baby within a minute by the mother should be followed separately. This monitoring is very important for the baby's vital functions.
FIRST TRIMESTER HEAD AND INGINAL PAIN
The first stage of pregnancy, the first 12 weeks of the head and groin pain and early bleeding can be seen. Expansion of all vessels in the body, especially headaches can cause.
Nausea and Vomiting
Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy and accompanying fatigue are among the most common complaints. The increase in the amount of HCG in the blood is thought to cause nausea, but the cause is unknown. As well as psychological reasons, diseases such as goiter can lead to this picture. Thyroid hormone is more or less secreted in people, nausea and vomiting is seen more. In addition, gall bladder disorders and urinary tract infections may occur during this period. Biological changes during pregnancy increase the risk of infection in the urinary tract. Again, this may cause nausea and vomiting.
During this period, pregnancy-related implantation hemorrhage, which causes panic of mothers, may occur. The risk of miscarriage in the first 12 weeks is 15-20 percent. Genetic disorders are usually effective in abortions that occur during this period. Resting and groin pain lasting more than 2 hours despite the danger may indicate low. Bleeding that occurs at this stage must be consulted to an expert.
In the first period, tendency to sleep and difficulty concentrating are among the most frequently complained cases. Increased progesterone hormone is one of the factors causing loss of attention.
SECOND TRIMESTER ABDOMINAL AND INGINAL PAINS
After the first 12th week, the second period of pregnancy begins. This period is more comfortable and smooth. The most common complaints are abdominal and groin pain. You need to rest to relieve the pain.
URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS
Burning and pains while urinating are among the most common problems. Especially with the enlargement of the uterus, the pressure on the bladder and the decrease in urine flow rate tend to increase. During this period, pregnant women have to lie on their left side. If they lie on the right side of the kidney called hydronephrosis enlargement of the kidney and related infections can occur.
VAGINAL HEMORRHAGE AND RIDES
After 12 weeks of cervix shortening and cervical dilatation problems may be experienced. Cervical insufficiency is considered when the cervix is shorter than 2.5 cm and the cervix is open more than 5 mm. Therefore, there is a low risk of vaginal bleeding. Pregnant women who have had previous miscarriages or have had a difficult birth experience need to evaluate cervical lengths and cervixes around 12 weeks. Transparent and odorless vaginal discharge in this period of pregnancy is a normal condition, while the green color and smelly discharge, premature birth and premature discharge of water may indicate the risk.
Cramp-like pain and contractions are common in patients with vaginal infections. Therefore, it is important that the vaginal examination is performed in the second period. In addition, cramps are seen in the legs. Leg cramps in the morning are caused by a lack of magnesium and calcium. Magnesium is usually taken from outside as a supplement. In addition to increasing milk and yogurt consumption in pregnant women with low calcium absorption, sardine fish and dried figs should be added to meals.
Stomach burns are caused by the expansion of the esophagus where it joins the stomach. Changes in hormonal balance and consumption of coffee, tea and cigarettes increase this problem. Although there are no complaints, coffee, tea and cigarettes are among the substances that pregnant women should avoid.
SLEEPING AND FAST WEIGHT LOSS
Pregnancy, intravenous fluid, the intercellular space due to the swelling of the hands and feet, ie edema occurs. Edema also causes air hunger for a few hours after sleeping. Pregnant women can suddenly wake up as if they were airless. To avoid these complaints, high pillows should be used and unsalted foods should be consumed. A total of 11-13 pounds during pregnancy is considered normal. Abnormal weight gain increases the risk of high blood pressure and diabetes. If parents have diabetes, the risk of pregnancy-related diabetes increases by 2.5-6 percent.
Births up to the 28th week are considered “immature.. A baby born so early needs more attention because there is more risk.
THIRD TRIMESTER DIABETES AND HIGH TENSION
At the end of the second period and at the beginning of the third period of pregnancy, there is a risk of pregnancy-related diabetes and high blood pressure. Screening tests at 24th and 28th weeks are investigating the risk of pregnancy-related diabetes. Pregnancy poisoning (preeclampsia) with high blood pressure, edema and increased urine protein may be mild or severe. Blood pressure should be monitored daily in patients with rapid weight gain. Pregnant women at risk are recommended to measure their blood pressure at least three times a day and share it with their specialists. Varicose and hemorrhoid problems also occur in the second and third periods of pregnancy. Hemorrhoid and varicose veins are increasing due to increased intra-abdominal pressure.
Depending on the placement of the placenta, patients may have vaginal bleeding. This can be a sign of premature birth or sometimes it may be related to the placement or premature separation of the placenta.
Hair loss during pregnancy, skin oil, pimples, spots and abdominal cracks, such as cosmetic problems arise.