Baby Development

Gifted children with learning difficulties

Gifted children with learning difficulties



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Meet the Superior Children with SLD

It is very difficult to recognize children with giftedness and learning difficulties, because both superiority and specific learning difficulties have many different characteristics. The combination of these two features may vary significantly from one child to another. In terms of definitions,

According to Baum (1990), children with SÖG

Children with SLD and superiority show remarkable ability and resourcefulness in one area, while children with difficulty in another.

Dole (2000) gives this definition as follows,

Children with SLD and superior are experiencing specific academic difficulties due to problems in the processing process while displaying exceptional skills or skills in one or more areas. Problems in processing processes such as auditory and visual perception and difficulty in memory areas are the most important elements that distinguish them from those who are superior and fail.

Let's Examine Superior Children with SLD in Three Subheadings

First group: The group that was identified as superior despite having difficulties at school. These children are often unsuccessful and labeled. The reasons for their failure are lack of motivation, weak self-perception or laziness.

Second Group: This group was diagnosed because of severe learning problems. Their superiority is often unnoticed.

Third group: The biggest group of these children. Because their superiority and difficulties mask each other, these children are considered as average-skill children. They are often overlooked because of their performance in accordance with their class levels (Fetzer, 2000).

Symptoms of superiority

Symptoms of SLD

  • good and long-term memory
  • a rich vocabulary
  • superiority in reading comprehension
  • superior mathematical reasoning
  • outstanding linguistic skills in discussions
  • good computer use
  • abstract concepts
  • more success in hard work
  • being creative
  • good reasoning
  • good observation ability
  • sharp hearing ability
  • having interesting ideas v.
  • very curious and asking too many questions
  • over-energetic
  • strong intuition and insight
  • Enhanced sense of humor
  • good in art, science, geometry, mechanics, technology or music

  • weak and short term memory
  • speaking language is more sophisticated than writing language
  • difficulty analyzing words
  • difficulty writing accounts
  • avoidance of writing
  • bad handwriting
  • difficulty in spelling and reading phonemes
  • difficulty in easy and sequential materials
  • difficulty in sequential memory
  • inattention
  • inability to control emotions in situations requiring judgment
  • poor auditory memory
  • poor listening skills
  • grammar, punctuation and other mechanical parts of language
  • inability to learn things he is not interested in
  • failure in timed tests
  • finding clever ways to escape from areas where it is weak
  • disorganization
  • difficulty in learning based on hearing, sequential, and memory (foreign language learning).

Characteristics of Gifted Children with SLD

If we look at the symptoms of superiority and SLDs separately;

Common learning difficulties in gifted children

1. Sensory integration dysfunction

Information from the environment comes to us through the senses. Some stimuli we can perceive; It includes image, sound, smell, taste, temperature, pressure, pain, body position, movements of our body parts and movement within the field. We receive many different stimuli from our environment at any moment; therefore, it is difficult to solve these stimuli, to decide what to react to, what to ignore, and how to react. Organizing sensory stimuli that make the world a meaningful place for us and enable us to react appropriately to our environment is called “sensory integration..

Gifted children with sensory integration disorders have problems in small and large muscle development, clumsiness, hypersensitivity (sound, smell, food, fabric…).

Example: A child may be a very good athlete, but may not be able to write or have problems with physical coordination, but may have hypersensitivity.

2. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

ADHD is mainly associated with three main behaviors: attention deficit, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. These behaviors can be seen together as well as separately. If we look briefly at these behaviors;

Lack of attention:
The person with attention deficit has difficulty concentrating his attention on something; he is bored, messy and forgetful when doing a job. Attention duration and intensity of the person is lower than the age. But they can easily concentrate on something that they like. For example, a child who cannot concentrate while listening to a lesson can play a computer game he likes for hours without getting bored. In fact, everyone has the difficulty to concentrate and engage in a tedious job. However, people with sufficiently advanced behavior control can avoid this desire, while those with ADHD problems cannot.

Hyperactivity:Those with hyperactivity problems seem to be moving all the time. Their mobility is not suitable for their age and developmental level. They cannot sit in their places for a long time, and they constantly wander around the room or class they are in. When they have to sit down, they move their hands, feet, want to touch everything around them, make noises and make noise. They usually talk a lot and jump from topic to topic. Hyperactive young people or adults, always feel uncomfortable, they sit where they move, curiosity and want to try everything once, but usually they go to another thing without completing.

Impulsiveness:Impulsivity is one of the problems in controlling one's movements. This can be called moving without thinking. One cannot prevent his immediate reactions or find it difficult to determine whether it is appropriate before doing something. He can't wait for something to happen, or he can't wait for the game to come to him, he can fasten it to get the toys that other children have, he talks a lot, cuts off others, and behaves very hastily about everything. especially in children. In this case, it is not fair to say that every careless, impetuous or overly active person has a condition. Experts use a number of criteria to diagnose ADHD. The most commonly used criteria for this are the criteria published by the American Psychiatric Association. These criteria also differ according to these three groups.


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