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Healthy teeth, happy babies
Dental health is as important for babies as it is for adults. Don't think about how your little baby has dental problems. There are many things to watch out for, from teething to bottle caries. Dentist Figen Pars from Dental Academy Center answered questions about dental health of babies.
: Does the mother's dental problems affect the baby during pregnancy and what should the mother-in-law pay particular attention to for the baby's dental health during this period?
Figen Pars The health of the expectant mother is an indicator of the health of the baby to be born. Therefore, it is essential that the mother's overall health is good during pregnancy. In addition, good oral health is of great importance in oral care. The development of the baby's teeth begins in the womb in the first weeks of embryological life. During this period, the mother should pay attention to balanced nutrition for both her own health and the development of her baby's teeth. Unconscious drug use should be avoided. The medications used may adversely affect the baby's dental health as well as overall body development. In addition, informing the mothers about the baby's dental development and care during this period will ensure that children have healthy tooth structure and have the right oral care habits. As a result, the earliest and most appropriate period that can be reached to raise the awareness of mothers is the pregnancy period.
: Is the baby being born with a problem? What needs to be done?
Figen Pars Babies can sometimes have teeth or they may have teeth immediately after birth. The teeth that are present at birth are called natal teeth and the teeth that last in the first month are called neonatal teeth. These teeth are usually swinging teeth and need to be extracted with the idea that the baby may swallow or escape the trachea. In children born with teeth, the tongue cannot perform normal movement and the sublingual is frequently injured. Another problem is the mother's nipple irritation when sucking milk. In such a case, the tooth must be extracted.
: When do babies start teething and when do the milk teeth come out?
Figen Pars The first tooth emerges at the age of about six months and lasts every six months with a row of left and right pair of teeth. However, there may be delays due to a number of factors related to the baby itself. Delays up to one year are considered normal. If the baby turns one year old and does not have a tooth in its mouth, it should be taken to a dentist to investigate the cause. 24 - 30 months between the completion of milk teeth are completed. A child with complete milk teeth has a total of 20 teeth.
: What are the symptoms of gums and mouth during teething?
Figen Pars The most common symptom during teething in children is gingival itching. A few days before the tooth comes out, the child is grumpy and cries a lot. In the area where the tooth will come out, the gingiva is red and slightly swollen. All these complaints disappear when the tooth comes out. There is no remedy for all of these complaints. In order to comfort the child, pomades sold in pharmacies can be used before meals.
: Are there any dental problems seen in babies?
Figen Pars In infants, it is observed that especially the anterior milk teeth have caries and these teeth are broken and shed. These are called bottle bruises. The reason for caries occurring so early is the sugar contained in the milk. If the baby suckles breast milk or a bottle before going to bed at night or during sleep, a favorable environment for tooth decay occurs. For this reason, care should be taken to clean the teeth especially after feeding at night.
: Is it possible to treat bruises in infants?
Figen Pars The treatment of caries in infants is very difficult. Preventive measures should be taken early. These measures include:
• Prevent your baby from sleeping in the bottle at night. Try to sleep after feeding.
• Do not add sweeteners such as sugar, molasses, honey to milk in the bottle.
• Make sure to drink water after feeding the baby.
• Clean the teeth with a clean, wet cheesecloth or gauze after the first teeth start feeding after night and morning feeding.
: When should I start brushing my teeth?
Figen Pars The first teeth should be cleaned as soon as they appear in the mouth. It should be cleaned in the morning using a clean cheesecloth or gauze. The use of a toothbrush can be started after the baby's rear teeth have been removed. After the completion of the milk teeth in 24 - 30 months, the teeth should definitely be brushed. It is difficult to suggest or apply a technique for brushing teeth in children of this age. The important thing is to give the child the habit of brushing teeth. Children often brush the visible or easily accessible parts of the teeth. However, decay is more common on interfaces and chewing surfaces. Therefore, brushing should be done under parental control. Toothpaste is not recommended in infants and children up to three years of age. It should be started after the age of three. The 3-minute brushing time after breakfast and before bedtime will give them this habit.
: What are the benefits of Flour? Do you find it right to give flour to babies?
Figen Pars Nowadays, flour compounds are the most well-known substances for strengthening tooth structure. Flour compounds, when applied during or after the teeth are seen in the mouth, are introduced into the structure of the tooth and provide a more resistant structure against caries. The anti-caries effect of flour compounds occurs mainly in four ways:
• Adding certain amount of flour compounds to drinking water (It should be given under the control of physician as it will be a process that should be performed by special methods and trained personnel.)
• Toothpaste or mouthwashes
• It is applied by the dentist on the gel-shaped teeth during the examination.
Fluorine is an essential element for the body. However, if taken too much, it may change the color of the teeth or cause deformation of the bones. Therefore, the physician should be consulted.
You can send your questions to Dentist Figen Pars:I [email protected]