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Children's intelligence and personality development depends on many factors. Many factors, such as family education, toys, and relationships with other babies, can have a positive impact on the development of the child's intelligence as well as give negative results. Like all of these, the birth order of siblings is influential on the personality and behavior development of the child. Memorial Şişli Hospital Pedagogy Specialist Melda Alantar, gave information about the factors affecting the personality and intelligence of the child during pregnancy.
Children may show different personality and character traits in order of birth
Families often place a parent role in the first child, and when siblings argue, they expect generous understanding from the first child. As a result, early children tend to be more responsive, responsible, success-oriented and self-protecting against potential competitors.
The second child, with the feeling that hep there was always someone before me ”, may move away from the idea of competing in the same field and tend to develop skills in different areas such as humor or social appeal.
The middle child has no privilege because he is neither the first nor the last. In this position, the child may experience feelings of deprivation and as a result have a structure that fights for justice and avoids exclusion and can develop a competitive lifestyle.
Since the last child is always the youngest of the family, there are many who play a role as parents. But in reality the brothers are not mature enough for this role. Sometimes they are very much intertwined with adults' issues, so the last children gain a lot of experience in social relationships. In some cases, the last child may be tired of obeying the boundaries and rules and may experience irritability. Families often tend to spoil the last children and not allow them to leave when the time comes.
In single children, the excessive interest of their parents may lead to an over-development of the sense of self.
Single children may be the focus of their parents' concerns. Sometimes they encounter overprotective parental attitudes. They have no opportunity to compete. However, they may feel as if they are being examined under a microscope. This may lead them to develop a self-concept that is “I am a special person”.
Gender is also effective in intelligence development
The increases in visual-spatial skills rather than verbal skills are due to the widespread use of visual media (photography, film, television, video, computer). Girls 'verbal intelligence (reading, writing, reminiscence and perception), boys' visual-spatial intelligence (mathematics, science, mechanical skills) are higher. These differences are due to sex hormones, experience and socialization.
The students' intelligence scores were higher during the period of school attendance.
Schooling affects children's intelligence positively. Today, the extension of compulsory education time leads to the development of smarter students. The effect of schooling on intelligence is so strong that children who are not educated can be described as mentally disabled during adolescence.
Decreases in students' intelligence scores are noteworthy during periods of absence due to school absenteeism, withdrawal from school and even during the summer holidays.
Highly qualified preschool programs support children's social and cognitive development.
Children under the age of five are not prepared for emotional and cognitive heavy academic guidance. During this period, activities should be child-centered, not teacher-centered.