Health

Diarrhea in children

Diarrhea in children

Summer diarrhea, which is common in the age of 0 - 5 years, also increased with the warming of the weather. Child Health and Diseases Specialist Member of the American Academy of Pediatrics View Hayriye's Full Profile summer diarrhea measures to be taken with you.

Summer diarrhea It is common in children aged 0-5 years. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines diarrhea as watery defecation more often than ever in infants fed more than three juices per 24-hour period or exclusively breast-fed infants. Diarrhea increases bowel movements, intestinal fluid absorption decreases and the amount of fluid secreted into the intestine increases. Stool consistency deteriorates, a soft watery appearance occurs, and the number of defecation increases. Diarrhea in children usually passes within 3-7 days. If water and salt losses are replaced, there is no life-threatening. Diarrhea can lead to death if not replaced. It is the main cause of death in children. Approximately 10 million children under the age of five die every year. Most diarrhea-related deaths occur in malnourished children in underdeveloped countries. They are common between 6 and 12 months, because the immune system is not fully developed at this age, and antibodies passed from the mother are reduced.

Reasons:

diarrhea Caused by bacteria and viruses passing through water and nutrients. Food poisoning caused by eating food contaminated with microbes or toxins is common. The time between ingestion of food and the onset of symptoms varies from 1-6 hours to 2-5 days. Poultry, dairy products, eggs, chocolate, pastry, canned food, vegetables, fruit, green salad, shellfish, sauces can carry microorganisms or toxins that can cause food poisoning.

Symptoms:

Diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, abdominal pain, fever, headache, weakness are seen.

Treatment:

Ongoing fluid and electrolyte losses must be replaced. Liquid electrolyte packages (ORS) sold in pharmacies by the World Health Organization and UNICEF have been prepared. Their effective use has reduced the need for intravenous fluid treatment by 33%, fecal excretion by 20% and incidence of vomiting by 33%. zinc supplementation has shown benefits in the treatment. Diarrhea medication or antibiotics should not be given except for the doctor's advice.

Diarrhea child Nutritional requirement also increases. Therefore, nutrition should be continued while increasing fluid intake. Breastfeeding should be increased in infants receiving breast milk. In infants fed with formula, diarrhea can be replaced with lactose-free or probiotically added lactobacillus reuteri and diarrhea is significantly reduced. liquids such as tea, rice juice, carrot juice, soups should be preferred. Energy-rich, protein-containing, non-pulp, soft foods should be given. Rice, potatoes, feta cheese, yogurt, bread, lentils, tarhana soup, boiled meat, chicken, fish, boiled eggs can be given. The amount of meals should be increased by decreasing the amount of meals.

Protection:

Before feeding the child, changing the diaper or after the toilet, family members should wash their hands. Feeding bottles, teats should be used after boiling for 10 minutes.

Pasteurized milk and bottled fruit juice, boiled or bottled water should be given. Peel the fruit, meat, fish, seafood should be cooked well, cheese, yogurt, ice cream, such as milk products must be made of pasteurized milk. The foods to be stored should be cooled as soon as possible, the temperature of the place to be stored should be less than 4 degrees, the foods should be heated sufficiently during preparation, should be stored in the refrigerator after cooking, kept in closed containers, eaten within one hour and general cleaning rules must be followed.